Cubic GaN Heteroepitaxy on Thin-SiC-Covered Si(001)


We have investigated the growth conditions of cubic GaN (β-GaN) layers on very thin SiC-covered Si(001) by using gas-source molecular beam epitaxy as functions of SiC layer thickness, Ga-cell temperature and substrate temperature. Under the present SiC formation conditions on Si substrates by carbonization using C2H2, gas, the SiC layers with the thickness between 2.5 and 4 nm result in the epitaxial growth of β-GaN on thus SiC-formed Si substrates. At the highest GaN growth rate of 110 nm/h (a Ga-cell temperature of 950 °C), β-GaN layers grown at a substrate temperature of 700 °C show a nearly flat surface morphology and the fraction of included hexagonal GaN becomes negligible when compared to the results of β-GaN layers grown under other conditions of Ga-cell and substrate temperatures. Thus obtained β-GaN films have good performance in photoluminescence intensity although the FWHM of band-edge recombination peak is still wider (137 meV) than the reported values for the β-GaN on 3C-SiC and GaAs.

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Correspondence to Yuichi Hiroyama.

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Hiroyama, Y., Tamura, M. Cubic GaN Heteroepitaxy on Thin-SiC-Covered Si(001). MRS Online Proceedings Library 537, 39 (1998).

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