The surface modification of titania and tin dioxide nanopowders by hexamethyldisilazane and hexamethyldisiloxane grafting has been followed in situ by FT-IR spectroscopy. A grafting mechanism is proposed for both compounds and the formation of new surface species is discussed. Since TiO2 and SnO2 are widely used in chemical gas sensors due to their electrical properties, the respective behaviors of the non-grafted and grafted samples in reducing (CO) environment as well as the humidity effects are compared. Because the transmitted IR energy depends on the concentration of the free carriers, a correlation between the electrical conductivity variation and the perturbation of the IR spectra is attempted.
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Dr. Wemer Riehemann and Dr. Hans Ferkel (TU-Clausthal, Germany) are gratefully acknowledged for providing us with Sn02 nanosized powder. This work has been partly performed in the framework of a BRITE-EURAM In project (BRPR-CT95-002) funded by the European Commission.
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Chancel, F., Tribout, J. & Baraton, MI. Effect of Surface Modification on the Electrical Properties of TiO2 and SnO2 Nanopowders. MRS Online Proceedings Library 501, 89–94 (1997). https://doi.org/10.1557/PROC-501-89