We have investigated the deposition of AlN thin films on Si(100), Al2O3(0001), and Al2O3(0112) substrates at lower temperatures (523–723 K) using a novel aluminum source, dimethylethylamine:alane (DMEAA), with ammonia as a nitrogen source in a low-pressure MOCVD atomic layer growth process. At reactor pressures of 25 and 50 Torr a four-step sequence of reactant flow steps separated by flush steps was cycled. We observed a tendency toward a self-limiting growth rate as the DMEAA step flow time was increased. The deposition uniformity was observed to be dependent on temperature and non-uniform deposition occurred at higher temperatures. The microstructure and crystalline orientation were examined using x-ray diffraction and crystalline A1N films were deposited at temperatures as low as 573 K. Crystallite size decreased with substrate temperature and at 523 K. amorphous films were deposited. At T > 650 K preferentially oriented crystalline films were deposited with orientations of Si(100)//AIN(0001), Al2O3(0001)//AIN(0001), Al2O3(0112)//AIN(11 20).
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Kidder, J., Kuo, J., Pearsall, T. et al. AlN Films Deposited by LP-MOCVD Atomic Layer Deposition at Lower Temperatures Using DMEAA and Ammonia. MRS Online Proceedings Library 395, 249–254 (1995). https://doi.org/10.1557/PROC-395-249