Microstructural Aspects of High-Performance Cement-Based Materials


The goal of this research is to improve the physical properties, mechanical properties and durability of cement-based materials by controlling chemistry and processing to produce the desired microstructures and properties. An accompanying initiative is to establish the basic scientific understanding relating processing and microstructure with physical and mechanical behavior, for the future development of new, special purpose, high performance cement-based materials. The research involves both experimentation and theory elucidating fundamental strengthening mechanisms for materials such as warm-pressed, MDF, DSP, polymer, and fiber composites. SEM and computer image analysis were used. Of interest are creating process models that serve as a basis for real applications such as in the following areas: High-performance highway concrete, and the immobilization of radioactive waste.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.


  1. 1.

    Y. Malier, in High Performance Concrete: from material to structure, edited by Y. Malier (E & FN Spon, London, 1992) p. xiv.

  2. 2.

    D.M. Roy and R.I.A. Malek, in Mineral Admixtures in Cement and Concrete, edited by S.N. Ghosh, S.L. Sarkar and S. Harsh (ABI Book Pvt. Ltd. New Delhi, India, 1993) p. 84.

  3. 3.

    A. Kelly and N.H. Macmillan, Strong Solids, 3rd ed. (Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1986) p. 57.

    Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    R.W. Davidge, Mechanical Behaviour of Ceramics (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1980) p. 1.

    Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    T.W. Chou, Microstructural Design of Fiber Composites (E & FN Spon, London, 1992) p.7.

    Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    D.M. Roy and W. Jiang, in SCIENTIFIC BASIS FOR NUCLEAR WASTE MANAGEMENT XVIII (Kyoto, JAPAN, on OCT. 23–27, 1994, in progress)

    Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    J.D. Birchall, A.J. Howard and K. Kendall, Nature, 289, 388–389 (1981).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  8. 8.

    K.J. Konsztowicz and J. Boutin, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 76, 1169–76 (1993).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    D.M. Roy, G.R. Gouda, and A. Bobrowsky, Cem. Conc. Res., 2, 367–370 (1972).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. 10.

    C.M. Hansson and N.S. Berke, in Pore Structure and Permeability of Cementitious Materials, edited by L.R. Roberts and J.P. Skalny (Mater. Res. Soc. Proc. 137, Pittsburgh, PA, 1989) pp. 253–270.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  11. 11.

    M. Perez, Masters thesis, Pennsylvania State University (1981).

    Google Scholar 

  12. 12.

    I.G. Richardson and G.W. Groves, J. Mater. Sci., 28, 265–277 (1993).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  13. 13.

    A. Neville, Cem. Concr. Res. 22, 1067–1076 (1992).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  14. 14.

    J.G. Parkhouse and H.R. Sepangi, in Building the Future: Innovation in design, materials and construction, edited by F.K. Garas, G.S.T. Armer, and J.L. Clarke (E &FN Spon, London, 1994) pp. 3–13.

  15. 15.

    D.M. Roy, B.E. Scheetz, and M.R. Silsbee, MRS BULLETIN/MARCH (1993) pp. 45–49.

    Google Scholar 

  16. 16.

    A.I. Rashed and R.B. Williamson, J. Mater. Res. 6, 2004–12; 2474–82 (1991).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  17. 17.

    D.N. Winslow, M.D. Cohen, D.M. Cohen, D.P. Bentz, K.A. Snyder and E.J. Garboczi, Cem. Concr. Res. 24, 25–38 (1994).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  18. 18.

    K. Ozawa, K. Maekawa and H. Okamura, in Admixtures for Concrete: Improvement of Properties, edited by E. Vazquez (Chapman and Hall, London, 1990) pp. 51–62.

  19. 19.

    D.M. Roy, in Proc. 3rd Int. Conf. on “The Use of Fly Ash Silica Fume, Slag and Natural Pozzolans in Concrete” (ACI SP- 114, 1989), Vol. I, pp. 117–129.

    Google Scholar 

  20. 20.

    Khayat and Aïtcin, in Proc. 4th Int. Conf. on “The Use of Fly Ash Silica Fume, Slag and Natural Pozzolans in Concrete” (ACI SP-132, 1992), Vol. II, pp. 835–872.

    Google Scholar 

  21. 21.

    C. K. Park, Ph. D. thesis, Pennsylvania State University (1993).

    Google Scholar 

  22. 22.

    K.V. Mikhailov, V.V. Paturoev, Xun V.V. and R. Keris (1992). Polymer Concretes and Their Structural Uses, Russian Translations Series 91 (A.A. Balkem, Rotterdam, Brookfield), p. 1.

    Google Scholar 

  23. 23.

    R.F.M. Bakker, in Proc. 1st Int. Conf. on “The Use of Fly Ash, Silica Fume, Slag and other Mineral Byproducts in Concrete” (ACI SP-79, 1983) pp. 588–605.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information



Corresponding author

Correspondence to W. Jiang.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Jiang, W., Roy, D.M. Microstructural Aspects of High-Performance Cement-Based Materials. MRS Online Proceedings Library 370, 115–124 (1994). https://doi.org/10.1557/PROC-370-115

Download citation