The Spectroscopy of Porous Silicon

Abstract

The spectroscopic evidence that the main visible photoluminescence (PL) band of porous silicon (the ’S’ band) originates from quantum confined crystalline silicon is presented, and arguments that claim to invalidate this evidence are analysed in detail. We find that a careful study of all the spectroscopic data provides strong support for the quantum confinement model. Additionally we consider the interesting issue of the luminescence spectrum of a single silicon quantum dot.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  1. 1.

    L. T. Canham, Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 1046 (1990).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    K. J. Nash, P. D. J. Calcott, L. T. Canham, A. G. Cullis, M. J. Kane, R. J. Needs, S. Bhattacharjee, A. J. Read, and A. Qteish, Proceedings of the 22nd International Conference on the Physics of Semiconductors, Vancover, 1994.

    Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    A. G. Cullis and L. T. Canham, Nature 353, 335 (1991).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    A. J. Read, R. J. Needs, K. J. Nash, L. T. Canham, P. D. J. Calcott, and A. Qteish, Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 1232 (1992); Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 2050(E) (1993).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    P. D. J. Calcott, K. J. Nash, L. T. Canham, M. J. Kane, and D. Brumhead, J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 5, L91 (1993).

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    P. D. J. Calcott, K. J. Nash, L. T. Canham, M. J. Kane, and D. Brumhead, Mat. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 283, 143 (1993).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    P. D. J. Calcott, K. J. Nash, L. T. Canham, M. J. Kane, and D. Brumhead, J. Lumin. 57, 257 (1993).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  8. 8.

    K. J. Nash, P. D. J. Calcott, L. T. Canham, M. J. Kane, and D. Brumhead, J. Lumin. 60&61, 297 (1994).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    T. Suemoto, K. Tanaka, A. Nakajima, and T. Itakura, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 3659 (1993).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  10. 10.

    P. J. Dean, J. R. Haynes, and W. F. Flood, Phys. Rev. 161, 711 (1967).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  11. 11.

    M. Rosenbauer, D. H. Leach, M. Sendova-Vassileva, S. Finkbeiner, and M. Stutzmann, ‘Resonantly Excited Photoluminescence in Porous Silicon’, E-MRS Spring Meeting, 1994, preprint.

    Google Scholar 

  12. 12.

    I. Sagnes, A. Halimaoui, G. Vincent, and P. A. Badoz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1155(1993).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  13. 13.

    Y. H. Xie, M. S. Hybertsen, W. L. Wilsonlliam, S. A. Ipri, G. E. Carver, W. L. Brown, E. Dons, B. Weir, A. R. Kortan, G. P. Watson and A. J. Liddle, Phys. Rev. B 49, 5386 (1994).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  14. 14.

    M. S. Hybertsen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 1514 (1994).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  15. 15.

    P. D. J. Calcott et al, unpublished work.

  16. 16.

    J.Y. Marzin, J.M. Gerard, A. Israel, D. Barrier and G. Bastard, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73 716 (1994).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  17. 17.

    M. Orrit, J. Bernard, R. Brown, L. Fleury, J. Wrachtrup and C. von Borczyskowski, J. Lumin. 60 & 61, 991 (1994).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  18. 18.

    W. E. Moerner, J. Lumin. 60 & 61, 997 (1994).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  19. 19.

    M. A. Vouk and E. C. Lightowlers, J. Phys. C 10, 3689 (1977)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to P. D. J. Calcott.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Calcott, P.D.J., Nash, K.J., Canham, L.T. et al. The Spectroscopy of Porous Silicon. MRS Online Proceedings Library 358, 465 (1994). https://doi.org/10.1557/PROC-358-465

Download citation