Linear and Nonlinear Optical Properties of Metal Nanocluster-Silica Composites Formed by Sequential Implantation of Ag And Cu


Metal nanocluster-glass composites demonstrate unique optical properties and significant nonlinear response. In this work nanometer dimension metal colloids were formed in silica by sequential implantation of Ag and Cu ions. The Ag and Cu were implanted with relative ratios of Ag to Cu of 9:3,6:6, and 3:9 at a total nominal dose of 12xl016 ions/cm2. TEM techniques were used to examine colloid size and size distributions. The linear optical response was measured from 200 to 900 nm, while the nonlinear optical properties were measured using the z-scan technique at a wavelength of 570 nm. The linear and nonlinear optical properties were found to be dependent upon the ratio of sequentially implanted Ag to Cu and are consistent with effective medium theory.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.


  1. 1.

    C. Flytzanis, F. Hache, M.C. Klein, D. Ricard and Ph. Roussignol, Progress in Optics, 29, 321 (1991) and references there in.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    J.W. Haus, N. Kalyaniwalla, R. Inguva, M. Bloemer and C. M. Bowden, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B6, 787 (1989).

    Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    R.H. Magruder,III, R.F. Haglund, L. Yang, C.W. White, Lina Yang, R. Dorsinville and R.R. Alfano. J.Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 465 (1993).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    C.F. Bohren and D.R. Huffman, Absorption and Scattering of Light by Small Particles, (John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1983).

    Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    U. Kreibig and L. Genzel, Surf. Sei. 156, 678 (1985).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    M.J. Weber, D. Milam and W.L. Smith, Optical Eng., 17, 463 (1978).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    R. H. Magruder,III, J.E. Wittig and R.A. Zuhr, J. Non Cryst. Solids, 163, 162 (1993).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  8. 8.

    R.A. Zuhr, R.H. Magruder.III and J.E. Wittig, Mat. Res. Soc. Sym. Proa, 316, 457 (1994).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    R.H. Magruder, III, R.A. Zuhr and D. O. Osbome accepted to Nucl. Instr. and Meth. B.

  10. 10.

    R.H. Magruder. III, D.L. Kinser, J.E. Wittig and R.A. Zuhr, SPIE Proceedings: Properties and Characteristics of Glass III, 1761 180 (1992).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. 11.

    R.H. Magruder, III, R. F. Haglund, L. Yang, J.E. Wittig and R.A. Zuhr, J. Appl. Phys., 76, 715 (1994).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. 12.

    R.H. Magruder, III, D.O. Osborne and R.A. Zuhr, J. Non Cryst. Solids, in press.

  13. 13.

    J.P. Biersack and L.G. Haggmark, Nucl. Inst. Methods B 174, 257 (1980).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  14. 14.

    M. Sheik-Bahae, A.A. Said, T. Wei, D.J. Hagan and E.W. Van Stryland, IEEE J. Quantum Electronics, 26, 760 (1990).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  15. 15.

    E.W. Van Stryland, M. Sheik-Bahae, A.A. Said, T. Wei, and DJ. Hagan, SPIE 1852, 135 (1993).

    Google Scholar 

  16. 16.

    R. E. Hummel, Electronic Properties of Materials, 2nd Ed., (Springer - Verlag, Berlin 1993).

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information



Corresponding author

Correspondence to R. A. Zuhr.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Zuhr, R.A., Magruder, R.H., Anderson, T.A. et al. Linear and Nonlinear Optical Properties of Metal Nanocluster-Silica Composites Formed by Sequential Implantation of Ag And Cu. MRS Online Proceedings Library 354, 153–158 (1994).

Download citation