Chemical Synthesis of Single and Mixed Phase Oxide Ceramics


Thermal and hydrolytic decomposition of metal alkoxides, M(OR)n, is employed to obtain ultra-high-purity submicron-size < 50 nm refractory, ferroelectric, and electro-optic oxide powders. The high surface activity associated with these powders makes possible relatively low temperature processing of the powder compacts to near theoretical density with uniform fine-grain-size bodies. Transmission electron microscopy, high-temperature X-ray, and infrared and Raman spectroscopy are used to observe nucleation, growth, crystallite morphology of the synthesized powder, and microstructural features.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.


  1. 1.

    M. L. Nielsen, P. M. Hamilton, and R. J. Walsh in: Ultrafine Particles, W. E. Kuhn, H. Lamprey, and C. Sheer, eds. (Wiley, New York 1963) pp. 181–195.

    Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    R. C. Rau, J. Amer. Ceram. Soc. 47, 179 (1964).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    L. J. White and G. J. Duffy, Inc. Eng. Chem. 51, 232–238 (1959).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    H. J. Hedger and A. R. Hall, Powder Met. 8, 65–72 (1961).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    C. Sheer and S. Korman in: Arcs in Inert Atmospheres and Vacuum, W. E. Kuhn, ed. (Wiley, New York 1956) p. 169–183.

    Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    K. S. Mazdiyasni, Ceram. Int. 8, 42–56 (1982).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    D. C. Bradley, R. C. Mehratra, and D. P. Gaur, Metal Alkaxides (Academic Press, New York 1978) p. 411.

    Google Scholar 

  8. 8.

    K. S. Mazdiyasni, C. T. Lynch, and J. S. Smith, J. Amer. Ceram. Soc. 50 532 (1967).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    D. C. Bradley, R. C. Mehratra, and J. Wardlaw, Chem. Soc. (London) 1963 (1953).

  10. 10.

    D. F. Herman, U.S. Patents 2,654,770 (1953), 2,655,523 (1953).

  11. 11.

    S. K. Anand, J. J. Singh, R. K. Multani, and B. D. Jain, Israel J. Chem. 7, 171 (1969).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  12. 12.

    R. C. Mehratra, J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 76, 2266 (1954).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  13. 13.

    K. S. Mazdiyasni, C. T. Lynch, and J. S. Smith, Inorg. Chem. 5, 342 (1966).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  14. 14.

    L. M. Brown and K. S. Mazdiyasni, Inorg Chem. 9, 2783 (1970).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  15. 15.

    H. Adkins and J. Cox, J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 60, 1151 (1938).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  16. 16.

    K. S. Mazdiyasni, C. T. Lynch, and J. S. Smith, J. Amer. Ceram. Soc. 48 372 (1965).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  17. 17.

    K. S. Mazdiyasni in: Proceeding of the VI International Symposium on Reactivity of Solids, R. W. Mitchell, R. C. Devries, R. W. Roberts, and P. J. Cannon, eds. (Wiley, New York 1968) pp. 115–125.

    Google Scholar 

  18. 18.

    N. T. McDevitt and W. K. Baun, J. Amer. Ceram. Soc. 54, 254 (1971).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  19. 19.

    C. M. Phillipi and K. S. Mazdiyasni, J. Amer. Ceram. 54, 254 (1971).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  20. 20.

    A. S. Barker, Phys. Rev. 132, 1471 (1963).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  21. 21.

    K. S. Mazdiyasni, C. T. Lynch, and J. S. Smith, J. Amer. Ceram. Soc. 49, 286 (1966).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  22. 22.

    J. E. Burke and D. Turnbull, Prog. Met. Phys. 3, 220 (1952).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  23. 23.

    R. Coble, J. Appl. Phys. 32, 787 (1961).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  24. 24.

    P. J. Anderson and P. L. Morgan, Trans Farad. Soc. 60, 930 (1964).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  25. 25.

    K. S. Mazdiyasni in: Proceeding of the Second International Conference on Fine Particles, W. E. Kuhn, ed. (Electrochemical Society, Princeton, NJ 1974) pp. 3–27.

    Google Scholar 

  26. 26.

    W. H. Rhodes and R. M. Haag, AFML-TR-70-209 (Air Force Materials Laboratory, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, OH September 1970).

    Google Scholar 

  27. 27.

    M. Hoch and K. M. Nair, Ceramurgia Int. 2, 88 (1976).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information



Corresponding author

Correspondence to K. S. Mazdiyasni.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Mazdiyasni, K.S. Chemical Synthesis of Single and Mixed Phase Oxide Ceramics. MRS Online Proceedings Library 32, 175 (1984).

Download citation