Muons as Light Hydrogen Probes-Diffusion and Trapping

Abstract

Contributions of the muon spin rotation technique (μSR) to metal physics problems are surveyed. The similarity between the muon and the proton constitutes μSR as a new tool to investigate the physics of H-like interstitials on an atomic scale. Experiments on the lattice location and on local properties like the Knight shift as well as diffusion measurements are reviewed. In particular the extreme sensitivity of muons toward impurities and lattice defects is emphasized. Results on the trapping of muons by substitutional impurities or vacancies in the ppm range are displayed.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  1. 1.a)

    For recent reviews see “Muon Spin Rotation” ed. F. N. Gygax, W. Kündig, P. F. Meier, North Holland Publishing Company, Amsterdam (1979).

    Google Scholar 

  2. 1.b)

    For recent reviews see “Exotic Atoms 79 — Fundamental Interactions and Structure of Matter” ed. K. Crowe, J. Duclos, G. Fiorentini, G. Torelli, Plenum Press, New York (1980).

    Google Scholar 

  3. 2.

    Y. J. Uemura et al., Phys. Rev. Letts. 45, 583 (1980).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  4. 3.

    I. I. Gurevich et al., Phys. Letts. 40A, 143, (1972).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. 4.

    O. Hartmann et al., Phys. Letts. 61A, 141, (1977).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  6. 5.

    W. F. Lankford et al., Hyperfine Int. 4, 833, (1978).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  7. 6.

    O. Hartmann et al., Hyperfine Int. 4, 824 (1978).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  8. 7.

    C. P. Flynn, A. M. Stoneham, Phys. Rev. B1, 3966 (1970).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. 8.

    M. Borghini et al., Phys. Rev. Letts. 40, 1723 (1978).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  10. 9.

    H. K. Birnbaum et al., Phys. Letts. 65A, 435 (1978).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  11. 10.

    See also Session on “Interstitial Diffusion and Trapping at Impurities” in Ref. 1a.

    Google Scholar 

  12. 11.

    O. Hartmann et al., Phys. Rev. Letts. 41, 1055 (1978).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  13. 12.

    W. B. Gauster et al., J. Nucl. Materials 69-70, 147 (1978).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  14. 13.

    W. B. Gauster et al., Sol. State Comm. 24, 619 (1977).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  15. 14.

    W. J. Kossler et al., Phys. Rev. Letts. 41, 1558 (1978).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  16. 15.

    K. Dorenburg et al., Z. Physik B31, 165 (1978).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  17. 16.

    M. Doyama et al, Hyperfine Int. 6, 341 (1979).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  18. 17.

    J. A. Brown et al., Phys. Rev. Letts. 43, 1513 (1979).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  19. 18.

    H. Bossy et al., SIN Newsletter 12, 81 (1979) (SIN, Villigen, Switzerland, Dok./Int. Dec 79/3500 EDMZ).

    Google Scholar 

  20. 19.

    D. Herlach, Proceedings of EPS 1980 Annual Conf. on Condensed Matter, April 1980, Antwerp, Belgium, to be published.

  21. 20.

    R. H. Heffner et al., Hyperfine Int. 6, 237 (1979).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  22. 21.

    J. A. Brown et al., Hyperfine Int. 6, 233 (1979).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  23. 22.

    W. J. Kossler et al., Hyperfine Int. 6, 295 (1979).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  24. 23.

    O. Hartmann et al., Phys. Rev. Letts. 44, 337 (1980).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  25. 24.

    O. Hartmann et al., Sol. State Comm., in print.

  26. 25.

    K. W. Kehr et al., Proceedings of the 2nd Int. Conf. on uSR, Vancouver, 1980, to be published.

  27. 26.

    M. Camani et al., Phys. Letts. 77B, 326 (1978).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  28. 27.

    D. K. Bryce, Phys. Letts. 66A, 53 (1978).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  29. 28.

    See, e.g., A. Abragam, Nuclear Magnetism (Oxford Univ. Press, Oxford, (1961)).

    Google Scholar 

  30. 29.

    R. Kubo and T. Toyabe in “Magnetic Resonance and Relaxation,” ed. by R. Blinc, North Holland Publ. Co., Amsterdam (1967).

    Google Scholar 

  31. 30.

    T. Yamazaki, Hyperfine Int. 6, 115 (1979).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  32. 31.

    K. Petzinger, to be published.

  33. 32.

    J. H. Van Vleck, Phys. Rev. 74, 1168 (1948).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  34. 33.

    O. Hartmann et al., Phys. Letts. 61A, 141 (1977).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  35. 34.

    O. Hartmann, Phys. Rev. Letts. 39, 832 (1977).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  36. 35.

    M. Camani et al., Phys. Rev. Letts. 39, 836 (1977).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  37. 36.

    P. Jena et al., Phys. Rev. Letts. 40, 264 (1978).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  38. 37.

    P. Hohenberg et al., Phys. Rev. 140A, 1133 (1965).

    Google Scholar 

  39. 38.

    M. Camani et al., Phys. Rev. Letts. 42, 679 (1979).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  40. 39.

    P. F. Meier in J. Duclos, G. Fiorentini, G. Torelli, Ref. 1b, p. 355.

    Google Scholar 

  41. 40.

    T. Holstein, Ann. Phys. (N.Y.) 8, 325, 343 (1959).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  42. 41.

    Yu. Kagan, M. Klinger, J. Phys. C7, 2791 (1974).

    Google Scholar 

  43. 42.

    P. W. Anderson, Phys. Rev. 109, 1492 (1958).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  44. 43.

    K. W. Kehr in “Hydrogen in Metals,” ed. by G. Alefeld and J. Völkl, Springer Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg (1978).

    Google Scholar 

  45. 44.

    K. W. Kehr, Proc. Conf. on Hydrogen in Metals, Japan Inst. of Melts (1979).

  46. 45.

    T. McMullen and B. Bergersen, Sol. State Comm. 28, 31 (1978).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  47. 46.

    A. Browne, A. M. Stoneham, to be published.

  48. 47.

    N. F. Mott and A. M. Stoneham, J. Phys. C10, 3391 (1977).

    Google Scholar 

  49. 48.

    H. Teichler in Ref. 1b.

    Google Scholar 

  50. 49.

    K. W. Kehr et al., Z. Physik B32, 49 (1978).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  51. 50.

    D. Richter and T. Springer, Phys. Rev. B18, 126 (1978).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  52. 51.

    T. O. Niinikoski et al., Hyperfine Int. 6, 229 (1979).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  53. 52.

    See e.g., G. Leibfried, Z. Physik 135, 23 (1953).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  54. 53.

    See e.g., N. Giordano et al., Phys. Rev. Letts. 43, 725 (1979).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  55. 54.

    D. J. Thouless, Phys. Rev. Letts. 39, 1167 (1977).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  56. 55.

    K. Petzinger, Hyperfine Int. 6, 223 (1979).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  57. 56.

    K. Werner, private communication.

  58. 57.

    D. Richter et al., to be published.

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to D. Richter.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Richter, D. Muons as Light Hydrogen Probes-Diffusion and Trapping. MRS Online Proceedings Library 3, 233 (1980). https://doi.org/10.1557/PROC-3-233

Download citation