We describe the acquisition of Raman and photoluminescence (PL) spectra on porous silicon (PS) samples that emit visible light. Spectra were acquired in both ex situ experiments (after exposure to air) and in situ experiments (with the PS covered either with the hydrofluoric acid electrolyte used in the formation process or water). Our results generally show a correlation of blue-shifted PL with increased oxidation. In one set of ex situ experiments, however, we observed an inconsistency in the shift of the wavelength of maximum luminescence intensity for PS samples that exhibit oxygenated character in the Raman spectra. A higher anodization current density produced a red shift in the PL spectra in one experiment, while chemical dissolution of the PS by hydrofluoric acid produced the well-known blue shift in the other case. In two in situ experiments, we observed very weak and red-shifted PL for a PS sample immersed in HF (compared to the same sample measured later in air) while in another we immersed air-exposed PS in water and observed a 15-fold increase in PL intensity along with a blue shift in the luminescence maximum.
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The authors gratefully acknowledge the assistance of R. L. Simpson with the spectroscopic measurements. This work performed at Sandia National Laboratories supported by the U.S. Department of Energy under contract number DE-AC04-076DP00789.
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Guilinger, T.R., Kelly, M.J., Tallant, D.R. et al. Visible Light Emission from Porous Silicon Examined by Photoluminescence and Raman Spectroscopy. MRS Online Proceedings Library 283, 115–120 (1992). https://doi.org/10.1557/PROC-283-115