Experiments have been made with a simple device consisting of two asymmetrically insulated electrodes separated by a thin electrolytic layer. This device has been found to exhibit a wide variety of transient potentials similar to those transmitted by biological synapses, thus suggesting the possibility of constructing a network of similar devices which simulates the behaviour of a biological neural network.
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Triffet, T., Calvert, P. & Huntoon, T.W. Transient Potentials Transmitted by an Artificial Electrochemical Synapse. MRS Online Proceedings Library 218, 173–182 (1990). https://doi.org/10.1557/PROC-218-173