Highly graphitized pitch based carbon fibers with heat treatment temperatures (HTT) of 2500°C, and 3000°C have been intercalated with SbCl5, ICl, HNO3, and Br2. These were reacted either by themselves alone, or in double sequence (e.g. Br2 followed by SbCl5). The electrical resistivities of individual fibers were then measured in air, and as a function of temperature, to a series of temperatures, to test air and thermal stability. The lowest resistivity found in this sequence so far is 28 micro ohm cm when ICl intercalation was followed by HNO3 reaction. These conductors are sometimes air stable (depending on intercalant) at room temperature and can be heated somewhat, but begin to deintercalate at much lower temperatures than was found for CuCl2 intercalated fibers [1,2]. In comparison with the CuCl2 reaction with pitch fibers, these intercalants react easily, and the sequential intercalations appear to give lower final resistivities.
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Research supported by Grant NAG-3-95 from the NASA Lewis Research Center, Cleveland, Ohio.
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Natarajan, V., Woollam, J.A. Electrical Properties of SbCl5, ICl, HNO3, and Br2 Intercalated Pitch Based Carbon Fibers. MRS Online Proceedings Library 20, 45 (1982). https://doi.org/10.1557/PROC-20-45