Sol-gel methods have been applied to the production of the multicomponent ceramic, Synroc B. These techniques involved the hydrolysis of a mixture of Ti and Zr, alkoxides peptising to form a sol and subsequent sorption of Al3+, Ba2+ and Ca2+ cations under acidic conditions. Powder properties were examined by a variety of techniques, including electron microscopy, x-ray diffraction, N2 sorption, and differential thermal analysis. The effects of processing conditions on the physical properties of the powders are discussed.
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Bartlett, J.R., Woolfrey, J.L. Preparation of Multicomponent Ceramic Powders by Sol-Gel Processing. MRS Online Proceedings Library 180, 191 (1990). https://doi.org/10.1557/PROC-180-191