Recent studies were carried out in France to improve ion exchange resin solidification in cement-based matrices. Work is conducted on different types of waste - cationic, anionic and mixed-bed resins - under regenerated and loaded states. The main objective is to increase the waste incorporation rate up to roughly 50% (in volume). Hydraulic cement formulas are developed taking into account waste chemistry, in particular the presence of ions which inhibit setting.
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Le Bescop, P., Bouniol, P. & Jorda, M. Immobilization in Cement of Ion Exchange Resins. MRS Online Proceedings Library 176, 183 (1989). https://doi.org/10.1557/PROC-176-183