A liquid phase processing method has been developed to fabricate oriented grained YBa2Cu30x samples with high current density. The current density in these samples, however, is sensitive to the microstructure which is controlled by processing parameters. Cooling rate through the peritectic temperature is found to be the most crucial factor in controlling the extent of grain orientation and in turn the bulk current carrying capacity. The evolution of the microstructure during the slow cooling process is studied by quench experiments at different temperatures. From microstructural analysis, the suitable temperature profile for the slow cooling process is chosen. Current density measurements across grains show a Jc in excess of 104 A/cm2. This implies that the weak link behavior of grain boundaries in polycrystalline superconductors can be suppressed to a considerable extent.
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Selvamanickam, V., Salama, K. Processing of High Current Density Yba2cu3ox Superconductors. MRS Online Proceedings Library 169, 279–282 (1989). https://doi.org/10.1557/PROC-169-279