Fabrication and Mechanical Properties of Ni3Al-Al2O3 Composites

Abstract

The objective of this study is to develop a metal-matrix composite based on the intermetallic alloy Ni3Al reinforced with Al2O3 fibers, with improved high-temperature strength and lower density compared to the matrix material. This paper summarizes results of initial fabrication and mechanical tests on specimens produced using IC-15 [Ni-24% Al-0.24% B (at.%)] and IC-218 [Ni-16.5% Al-8% Cr-0.4% Zr-0.1% B (at.%)], with 20 vol. % Al2O3 fibers. Fabrication methods include both hot-pressing and hot-extrusion. Mechanical tests include four-point bending and tensile tests. The integrity of the fiber-matrix interface was studied and correlated with mechanical properties. Tensile ductilities of approximately 10% at room temperature were achieved for Ni3Al/Al2O3 composites with controlled material processing and interfacial structure. Fabrication of composites by hot-extrusion produced better tensile properties at room temperature, but superplastic behavior (i.e., low strengths, high ductilities) at 1000°C.

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Correspondence to C. G. McKamey.

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McKamey, C.G., Povirk, G.L., Horton, J.A. et al. Fabrication and Mechanical Properties of Ni3Al-Al2O3 Composites. MRS Online Proceedings Library 133, 609 (1988). https://doi.org/10.1557/PROC-133-609

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