Electrochemical Photovoltaic Cell with 6.9% Efficiency using Polycrystalline CdSe Grown by a Simple Liquid Metal-Vapour Reaction


Research on II–VI semiconducting compounds during the last two decades has been motivated by possible device applications such as thin film transistors, photodetectors and solar energy converters. In particular, the direct gap n-type semiconductor CdSe, has remained the subject of studies aimed at developing efficient photovoltaic and photoelectrochemical cells. For the low-cost production of polycrystalline CdSe layers, many noteworthy methods have been employed, such as: vacuum deposition, spray pyrolysis, chemical bath deposition and electrodeposition [1–5]. The best reported performances of photoelectro-chemical cells using CdSe films obtained by these methods, in contact with an aqueous polysulfide electrolyte and under solar or simulated solar radiation, have varied between 5 and 7% [6,7].

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.


  1. 1.

    M.A. Russak, J. Reichman, H. Witzke, S.K. Deb, S.N. Chen, J. Electrochem. Soc. 127, 725 (1980).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    C.J. Liu and J.H. Wang, J. Electrochem. Soc. 129, 719 (1982).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    M. Tomkiewicz, I. Ling, W.S. Parsons, J. Electrochem. Soc. 129, 2016 (1982).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    R.A. Boudreau and R.D. Rauh, J. Electrochem. Soc. 130, 513 (1983).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    J.P. Szabo and M. Cocivera, J. Electrochem. Soc. 133, 1247 (1986).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    B. Parkinson, J. Chem. Education 60, 338 (1983).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    S.M. Boudreau, R.D. Rauh, R.A. Boudreau, J. Chem. Education 60, 498 (1983).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  8. 8.

    D. Iwanov and C. Nanev, Acta Physica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 47, 83 (1979).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    J.S. Curran, R. Philippe, M. Roubin, L. Mosoni, Solar Energy Materials 9, 329 (1983).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  10. 10.

    M.F. Lawrence, N. Du, R. Philippe, J.P. Dodelet, J. Cryst. Growth 84, 133 (1987).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  11. 11.

    R. Ludeke, J. Vac. Sci. Tech. 8, 199 (1971).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  12. 12.

    K. Colbow, D.J. Harrison, B.L. Funt, J. Electrochem. Soc. 128, 547 (1981).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  13. 13.

    H. Gerisher, J. Electoanal. Chem. 150, 553 (1983).

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information



Corresponding author

Correspondence to Marcus F. Lawrence.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Lawrence, M.F., Deng, Z. & Gastonguay, L. Electrochemical Photovoltaic Cell with 6.9% Efficiency using Polycrystalline CdSe Grown by a Simple Liquid Metal-Vapour Reaction. MRS Online Proceedings Library 131, 149 (1988). https://doi.org/10.1557/PROC-131-149

Download citation