Al-doped ZnO (AZO) nanoparticles (NPs) were synthesized by the solvothermal decomposition. The as-synthesized AZO NPs were characterized by X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy. These NPs were well dispersible in non-polar solvents at high concentration to produce AZO nanoink. The AZO nanoparticulate films were prepared from AZO nanoink by spin coating technique. Thickness, surface morphology, optical transparency and conductivity of the films were characterized by surface profilometer, scanning electron microscopy, UV-Vis spectroscopy and Hall measurements. The AZO nanoparticlulate films had highly optical transmittance and well electrical conductivity, which are potential for optoelectronic applications.
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Tran, T.V., Maenosono, S. Preparation of Al-doped ZnO Nanoparticulate Film for Optoelectronic Applications. MRS Online Proceedings Library 1247, 419 (2009). https://doi.org/10.1557/PROC-1247-C04-19