The present work concerns novel approaches to fabricate silicon-based electrodes. In this study silicon nano-particles are synthesized via two aerosol routes: Laser assisted Chemical Vapour Pyrolysis (LaCVP) and Spark Discharge Generation (SDG). These two techniques allow the generation of uniformly sized particles, with a good control over the composition and the range of sizes. Herein, particles with size ranging from 2 to 70 nm were obtained. Starting from these nano-particles, nano-structured porous thin films are produced either by electrospraying a polymeric solution in which LaCVP-produced particles were previously dispersed, or by inertial impacting the SDG-produced particles directly from gas phase onto a substrate. The Electro- Spray (ES) is used to produce composite films for Li-ion battery applications, whereas the Inertial Impaction (II) is used to produce pure silicon films for other purposes (i.e.: sensors).
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
X. Li, Y. He, S. S. Talukdar and M. T. Swihart, Langmuir 19 (20), 8490–8496 (2003).
J. Graetz, C. Ahn, R. Yazami and B. Fultz, Electrochemical And Solid State Letters 6 (9), A194–A197 (2003).
F. Erogbogbo, K.-T. Yong, I. Roy, G. X. Xu, P. N. Prasad and M. T. Swihart, ACS Nano 2 (5), 873–878 (2008).
U. Kasavajjula, C. Wang and A. J. Appleby, J Power Sources 163 (2), 1003–1039 (2007).
W. Cannon, S. Danforth, J. Flint, J. Haggerty and R. Marra, Journal Of The American Ceramic Society 65 (7), 324–330 (1982).
W. Cannon, S. Danforth, J. Haggerty and R. Marra, Journal Of The American Ceramic Society 65 (7), 330–335 (1982).
R. A. Bauer, F. E. Kruis, J. G. M. Becht, B. Scarlett and J. Schoonman, High Temperature Science 27 (pt 2), 77–88 (1988).
S. Schwyn, E. Garwin and A. Schmidt-Ott, Journal of Aerosol Science 19 (5), 639–642 (1988).
J. van Erven, D. Munao, Z. Fu, T. Trzeciak, R. Janssen, E. Kelder and J. C. M. Marijnissen, Kona 27, 157–173 (2009).
N. S. Tabrizi, M. Ullmann, V. A. Vons, U. Lafont and A. Schmidt-Ott, Journal of Nanoparticle Research 11 (2), 315–332 (2009).
C. Peineke, PhD, TUDelft, 2008.
U. Lafont, L. Simonin, N. S. Tabrizi, A. Schmidt-Ott and E. M. Kelder, Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology 9 (4), 2546–2552 (2009).
About this article
Cite this article
Munao, D., van Erven, J., Valvo, M. et al. Synthesis of Silicon Nano-particles for Thin Film Electrodes Preparation. MRS Online Proceedings Library 1245, 906 (2009). https://doi.org/10.1557/PROC-1245-A09-06