The theoretical background and technical capabilities of the free liquid surface (nozzle-less) electrospinnig process is described. The process is the basis of both laboratory and industrial production machines known as NanospiderTM and developed by Elmarco s.r.o. Technical capabilities of the machines (productivity, nanofiber layer metrics, and quality) are described in detail.Comparison with competing/complementary technologies is given, e.g. nozzle electrospinning, nano-meltblown, and islets-in-the sea. Application fields for nanofiber materials produced by various methods are discussed. Consistency of the technology performance and production capabilities are demonstrated using an example of polyamide nanofiber air filter media.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
V. Kirichenko,Y. Filatov, A. Budyka, Electrospinning of Micro- and Nanofibers: Fundamentals in Separation and Filtration Processes, Begell House, USA (2007)
S. Ramakrishna, K. Fujihara, W. Teo, T. Lim, and Z. Ma, An Introduction to Electrospinning and Nanofibers, World Scientific, Singapore (2005)
Jirsak, O., Sanetrnik, F., Lukas, D., Kotek, V., Martinova, L., Chaloupek, J., “A method of nanofibers production from a polymer solution using electrostatic spinning and a device for carrying out the metod”, The Patent Cooperation Treaty WO 2005/024101, (2005)
T. Jaroszczyk, S. Petrik, K. Donahue, “The Role of Nanofiber Filter Media in Motor Vehicle Air Filtration”, 4th Biennial Conference on Emissions Solutions in Transportation, AFS, Ann Arbor, MI, Oct 5–8 (2009)
Proceedings of „Nanofibers for the 3rd Millenium – Nano for Life” Conference, Prague, March 11–12 (2009)
L. Kavan, M. Grätzel, Electrochem. Solid-State Lett., 5, A39, (2002)
J. Duchoslav, L. Rubacek, Electrospun TiO2 Fibers as a Material for Dye Sensitizied Solar Cells, In: Proc. of NSTI Nanotech Conference, Boston, MA, June 1–5 (2008)
L. Rubacek, J. Duchoslav, Electrospun Nanofiber Layers for Applications in Electrochemical Devices, In: Proc. of NSTI Nanotech Conference, Boston, MA, June 1–5 (2008)
M. Bognitzki, W. Czado, T. Frese, A. Schaper, M. Hellwig, M. Steinhard, A. Greiner and J. H. Wendorff, Adv. Mater. 13, 70 (2001)
H. Guan, C. Shao, S. Wen, B. Chen, J. Gong, X. Yang, Inorg. Chem. Commun. 6, 1302 (2003)
G. F. Taylor and M. D. Van Dyke, Proc. R. Soc. London, Ser. A 313, 453 (1969)
J. Doshi and D. H. Reneker, ‘‘Electrospinning process and applications of electrospun fibers,’’ J. Electrost. 35, 151 (1995)
C.J. Thompson, G.G. Chase, A.L. Yarin and D.H. Reneker, „Effects of parameters on nanofiber diameter determined from electrospinning model”, Polymer, 48, 6913 (2007).
Y. M. Shin, M. M. Hohman, M. P. Brenner and G. C. Rutledge´Electrospinning: A whipping fluid jet generates submicron polymer fibers, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 1149 (2001)
J. H. Yu, S. V. Fridrikh and G. C. Rutledge, The role of elasticity in the formation of electrospun fibers, Polymer 47, 4789 (2006)
M. M. Hohman, M.Shin, G. C. Rutledge and M. P. Brenner, Electrospinning and electrically forced jets. I. Stability theory, Phys. Fluids 13, 2201 (2001)
M. M. Hohman, M.Shin, G. C. Rutledge and M. P. Brenner, Electrospinning and electrically forced jets. II. Applications, Phys. Fluids 13, 2221(2001)
D. Reneker, Personal communication (2009)
D. Lukas, A. Sarkar and P. Pokorny, J. Appl. Phys. 103, 084309 (2008)
About this article
Cite this article
Petrik, S., Maly, M. Production Nozzle-Less Electrospinning Nanofiber Technology. MRS Online Proceedings Library 1240, 307 (2009). https://doi.org/10.1557/PROC-1240-WW03-07