Doping polymers with inorganic nanomaterials to form hybrid nanocomposites is an attractive approach to develop new lightweight optoelectronic materials with unique or improved properties. In this work, poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) Schottky diodes, doped with ZnO nanowires at different P3HT-to-ZnO concentrations, were studied. Device fabrication was carried out by drop casting the nanocomposite on a Pt electrode followed by thermal evaporation of an Al top electrode. ZnO nanowires were prepared via a physical vapor method with Zn as a source. The nanowires were dispersed in chlorobenzene, then the P3HT powder was added. Properties of the diodes were investigated using capacitance-voltage and current-voltage measurements. In addition, electrical resistance of the nanocomposite films was also investigated using a two-point probe measurement with Pt as Ohmic contacts. Results showed that ZnO nanowire doping decreases the built in potential of the diode and the electrical resistance of the nanocomposite film.
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Rachel, S.A., Roberto, A. & Mu, R. Effect of ZnO Nanowire Doping on the Properties of Poly(3-hexylthiophene) Schottky Diodes. MRS Online Proceedings Library 1212, 1108 (2009). https://doi.org/10.1557/PROC-1212-S11-08