Interaction of Hydrogen and Oxygen with Nanocrystalline Diamond Surfaces


Nanocrystalline diamond films (NCD) are strong candidates for applications in a wide variety of fields. An important concern in all these applications is to understand the properties of variously prepared NCD surfaces. This contribution is focussed on the surface science study of hydrogen and oxygen containing NCD films using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) as well as high resolution electron energy loss spectroscopy (HREELS). Previous studies have demonstrated that hydrogen, oxygen, and gases from the ambient environment as well as water can result in drastic surface changes affecting conductivity, wettability, tribological properties, etc. In this contribution we analyzed differently prepared NCD surfaces as a function of parameters such as the annealing temperature under ultrahigh vacuum conditions (UHV). We are able to identify the thermal stability of a number of species at the interface, which are related to different characteristics of C-H, C-OH, C=O, and C=C bonds. Furthermore, a formation of graphitic-like species appears at higher annealing temperatures. An atomic hydrogen treatment was also applied to the NCD surface to obtain further information about the surface composition.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

We’re sorry, something doesn't seem to be working properly.

Please try refreshing the page. If that doesn't work, please contact support so we can address the problem.


  1. [1]

    J. Robertson, Phys. Stat. Sol. A 205, 2233 (2008)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  2. [2]

    D. M. Gruen, Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci. 29, 211 (1999)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  3. [3]

    S. Torrengo, L. Minati, M. Filippi, A. Miotello, M. Ferrari, A. Chiasera, E. Vittone, A. Pasquarelli, M. Dipalo, E. Kohn, G. Speranza, Diamond Relat. Mater. 18, 804 (2009)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  4. [4]

    M. Stutzmann, J. A. Garrido, M. Eickhoff, M. S. Brandt, Phys. Stat. Sol. A 203, 3424 (2006)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  5. [5]

    P. Achatz, J. A. Garrido, M. Stutzmann, O. A. Williams, D. M. Gruen, A. Kromka, and D. Steinmüller, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 101908 (2006)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. [6]

    S. Michaelson, O. Ternyak, R. Akhvlediani, and A. Hoffman, Chem. Vap. Deposition 14, 196 (2008)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  7. [7]

    T. Haensel, J. Uhlig, R. J. Koch, S. I.-U. Ahmed, J. A. Garrido, D. Steinmüller-Nethl, M. Stutzmann, J. A. Schaefer, Phys. Stat. Sol. A 206, 2022 (2009)

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  8. [8]

    H. Ibach and D. L. Mills, Electron Energy Loss Spectroscopy and Surface Vibrations, Academic Press, New York, 1982

    Google Scholar 

  9. [9]

    T. Balster, V.M. Polyakov, H. Ibach, and J.A. Schaefer, Surface Science 416, 177 (1998)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  10. [10]

    J. J. Yeh, I. Lindau, At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 32, 1 (1985)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information



Corresponding author

Correspondence to Thomas Haensel.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Haensel, T., Ahmed, S.IU., Uhlig, J. et al. Interaction of Hydrogen and Oxygen with Nanocrystalline Diamond Surfaces. MRS Online Proceedings Library 1203, 1744 (2009).

Download citation