Solar Grade CuInS2 Thin Films Grown At 250°C

Abstract

CuInS2 (chalcopyrite structure) thin films were synthesized at 250°C using a two-stage process consisting firstly in the co-evaporation of a large grain In2S3 (defect spinel structure) precursor layer followed by the addition of copper and sulfur. The crystalline properties of the resulting films are similar to those leading to high efficiency solar cells. An energy conversion efficiency of 6.7% has been attained with a 1.5 μm thick CuInS2 layer and a standard CdS buffer layer/ZnO window structure. Improved performances can be expected through the growth of thicker absorbers.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  1. [1]

    I. Repins, M. A. Contreras, E. Egaas, C. DeHart, J. Scharf, C.L. Perkins, B. To, R. Noufi, Prog. Photovoltaics 16, 235 (2008).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  2. [2]

    C. Suh, K. Rajan, Appl. Surf. Science 223, 148 (2004).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  3. [3]

    T. Walter, D. Braunger, H. Dittrich, Ch. Köble, R. Herberholtz, H.W. Schock, Sol. En. Mat. and Solar Cells 41/42, 355 (1996).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  4. [4]

    N. Barreau, J.C. Bernède, J. Kessler, Proceedings of the 19 th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference and Exhibition, Paris, France, 7–11 June 2004, (WIP Munich 2004), p. 223.

  5. [5]

    N. Barreau, C. Deudon, A. Lafond, S. Gall and J. Kessler, Sol. En. Mat. and Solar cells 90, 1840 (2006).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  6. [6]

    A. Lafond, C. Guillot-Deudon, S. Harel, A. Mokrani, N. Barreau, S. Gall and J. Kessler, Thin Solid Films 515, 6020 (2007).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  7. [7]

    H. Rodrigez-Alvarez, I.M. Kötschau, H.W. Schock, J. Cryst. Growth 310, 3638 (2008).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. [8]

    R. Scheer, R. Klenk, J. Klaer, I. Luck, Solar Energy 77, 777 (2004).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  9. [9]

    R. Kaigawa, A. Neisser, R. Klenk, M.-Ch. Lux-Steiner, Thin Solid Films 415, 266 (2002).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  10. [10]

    Y. Onuma, K. Takeuchi, S. Ichikawa, M. Harada, H. Tanaka, A. Koizumi, Y. Miyajima, Sol. En. Mat. and Solar Cells 69, 261 (2001).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  11. [11]

    P. Villars, A. Prince, H. Okamoto, Hanbook of Ternary Alloy Phase Diagrams, (ASM International, 1995), Vol.9, p.9592.

  12. [12]

    H. Migge, J. Grzanna, J. Mat. Res. 9, 125 (1994).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to T. Painchaud.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Painchaud, T., Barreau, N. & Kessler, J. Solar Grade CuInS2 Thin Films Grown At 250°C. MRS Online Proceedings Library 1165, 822 (2009). https://doi.org/10.1557/PROC-1165-M08-22

Download citation