Computational analysis and modeling of spectroscopic properties of trivalent uranium in crystals of hexagonal symmetry have been conducted with inclusion of the crystal-field induced orbital hybridization between the 5f3 and 5f26d configurations. It is shown that, in the absorption spectrum with energy above 20,000 cm-1, the mixing of 5f3 and 5f26d states is significant. The spectrum in this region cannot be interpreted by the conventional model of crystal field theory. The Judd-Ofelt theory is completely failed in predicating the intensities of optical absorption from the ground state to the configuration mixed excited states. A new Hamiltonian including the odd ranks of crystal field interaction is diagonalized on the bases of all 5f3 and 5f26d states. A simulation of absorption spectrum is optimized in comparison with the experimental spectrum for determination of the Hamiltonian parameters.
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Wang, W., Zhang, H. & Liu, G. Orbital Hybridization in Uranium Compounds and its Influence on Electronic Properties. MRS Online Proceedings Library 1104, 408 (2008). https://doi.org/10.1557/PROC-1104-NN04-08