We describe surface preparation and epilayer growth techniques that readily reduce the density of Vf drift inducing basal plane dislocations in epilayers to less than 10 cm−2 and permit the fabrication of bipolar SiC devices with very good Vf stability. The optimal process route requires etching the substrate surface prior to epilayer growth to enhance the natural conversion of basal plane dislocations into threading edge dislocations during epilayer growth. The surface of this relatively rough “conversion” epilayer is subsequently repolished prior to growing the device structure. We provide details on processing parameters and potential problems as well as describe devices produced using this low basal plane dislocation growth processes.
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Sumakeris, J.J., Hull, B.A., O’Loughlin, M.J. et al. Do You Really Expect To Grow Epilayers On That? A Rationale For Growing Epilayers On Roughened Surfaces. MRS Online Proceedings Library 911, 306 (2005). https://doi.org/10.1557/PROC-0911-B03-06