In-situ HREM Observation of Phase Transformation Process in FePt and FePtCu Nanoparticles


The processes of phase transformation in individual nanoparticles of FePt and FePtCu synthesized by the reverse micelle method, which are chemically homogeneous and monodisperse, have been investigated by an in-situ HREM observation in a FE-TEM. Polycrystalline FePt particles, initially of chemically disordered face-centered cubic phase (A1) were reconstructed into A1 single crystals between 25 °C and 650 °C, followed by phase transformation from A1 to chemically ordered face-centered tetragonal phase (L10) which began between 650 °C and 680 °C. The coalescence began concurrently with phase transformation, i. e., between 650 °C and 680 °C. They turned to be a round-shaped L10 particle between 680 °C and 720 °C. The single crystal formation, the phase transformation from A1 to L10, the coalescence and the round-shaped particle formation were also observed in the FePtCu nanoparticles. The temperatures of single crystal formation, phase transformation (and coalescence) and round-shaped particle formation of the FePtCu nanoparticles were between 25 °C and 500 °C, between 550 °C and 600 °C and between 600 °C and 650 °C, respectively. These temperatures were substantially lower than those for the FePt nanoparticles.

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Correspondence to Masatoshi Nakanishi.

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Nakanishi, M., Furusawa, G., Waki, K. et al. In-situ HREM Observation of Phase Transformation Process in FePt and FePtCu Nanoparticles. MRS Online Proceedings Library 907, 504 (2005).

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