Fabrication of functional devices in fibers by thermal drawing requires a material identification scheme and challenging composite material processing. A macroscopic preform rod containing metallic, semiconducting and insulating constituents in a variety of geometries and close contact leads to kilometer-long novel optoelectronic, and thermal mesoscopic fiber devices. The preform-to-fiber approach yields spectrally tunable photodetectors and integrated self-monitoring fibers.
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Bayindir, M., Ayman, F.A., Shapira, O. et al. A novel fabrication technique by composite material processing: Integrated metal-insulator-semiconductor fibers and fiber devices. MRS Online Proceedings Library 888, 618 (2005). https://doi.org/10.1557/PROC-0888-V06-18