Fabrication of hybrid composites based on biomineralization of phosphorylated poly(ethylene glycol) hydrogels

Abstract

A novel route to organic-inorganic composites was described based on biomineralization of poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG)-based hydrogels. The 3-dimensional hydrogels were synthesized by radical crosslinking polymerization of poly(ethylene glycol fumarate) (PEGF) in the presence of ethylene glycol methacrylate phosphate (EGMP) as an apatite-nuclating monomer, acrylamide (AAm) as a composition-modulating comonomer, and potassium persulfate (PPS) as a radical initiator. We used the urea-mediated solution precipitation technique for biomineralization of hydrogels. The apatite grown on the surface and interior of the hydrogel was similar to biological apatites in the composition and crystalline structure. Powder x-ray diffraction (XRD) showed that the calcium phosphate crystalline platelets on hydrogels are preferentially aligned along the crystallographic c-axis direction. Inductively-coupled plasma mass spectroscopy (ICP-MS) analysis showed that the Ca/P molar ratio of apatites grown on the hydrogel template was found to be 1.60, which is identical to that of natural bones. In vitro cell experiments showed that the cell adhesion/proliferation on the mineralized hydrogel was more pronounced than on the pure polymer hydrogel.

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Acknowledgments

This research was supported by a grant (Code No. 08K1501-01110) from the Center for Nanostructured Materials Technology under the 21st Century Frontier R&D Programs and a grant (R15-2006-022-01001-0) from the National Core Research Center Program of the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology, Korea, and a grant from the Fundamental R&D Program for Core Technology of Materials funded by the Ministry of Knowledge Economy, Korea.

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Correspondence to Sang Cheon Lee.

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Kim, C.W., Kim, S.E., Kim, Y.W. et al. Fabrication of hybrid composites based on biomineralization of phosphorylated poly(ethylene glycol) hydrogels. Journal of Materials Research 24, 50–57 (2009). https://doi.org/10.1557/JMR.2009.0002

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