Effects of lithium, indium, and zinc on the lattice parameters of magnesium

Abstract

The lattice parameters of magnesium solid-solution alloys with lithium, indium, and/or zinc have been determined via x-ray diffraction (XRD). Li decreased the axial ratio (c/a) of Mg from 1.624 to 1.6068 within 0–16 at.% Li. Indium increased the c/a of Mg to 1.6261 with increasing In toward 3.3 at.% while Zn showed no effect on c/a in the 0.2–0.7 at.% range. The effects were explained by electron overlap through the first Brillouin zone and by Vegard’s Law. A relationship was determined between electron concentration (e/a) and c/a as c/a = −15.6(e/a)2 + 60(e/a) − 55.8.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

TABLE I.
TABLE II.
TABLE III.
FIG. 1
TABLE IV.
TABLE V.
TABLE VI.
TABLE VII.
FIG. 2
TABLE VIII.
TABLE IX.
TABLE X.
FIG. 3
TABLE XI.
FIG. 4
TABLE XII.
TABLE XIII.
FIG. 5

References

  1. 1

    J.W. Christian, S. Mohajan: Deformation twinning. Prog. Mater. Sci. 39, 1 1995

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. 2

    M.M. Myshlyaev, H.J. McQueen, A. Mwembela, E. Konopleva: Twinning, dynamic recovery and recrystallization in hot-worked Mg-Al-Zn alloy. Mater. Sci. Eng., A 337, 121 2002

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. 3

    S.L. Couling, J.F. Pashak, L. Sturkey: Unique deformation and aging characteristics of certain magnesium-based alloys. Trans. ASM 51, 94 1959

    Google Scholar 

  4. 4

    T. Uesugi, M. Kohyama, M. Kohzu, K. Higashi: Generalized stacking fault energy and dislocation, properties for various slip systems in magnesium: A first principles study. Mater. Sci. Forum 419–422, 225 2003

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. 5

    S.E. Ion, F.J. Humphreys, S.H. White: Dynamic recrystallization and the development of microstructure during the high temperature deformation of magnesium. Acta Metall. 30, 1909 1982

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  6. 6

    A. Grosvenor, C.H.J. Davies: Microstructural evolution during hot deformation of magnesium alloy AZ31. Mater. Sci. Forum 426–432(2), 4567 2003

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. 7

    L. Cisar, Y. Yoshida, S. Kamado, Y. Kojima: Development of high strength and ductile magnesium alloys for automobile applications. Mater. Sci. Forum 419–422(1), 249 2003

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. 8

    W.J. Kim, H.G. Jeong: Mechanical properties and texture evolution in ECAP processed AZ61 Mg alloy. Mater. Sci. Forum 419–422(1), 201 2003

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. 9

    P. Krajewski: Elevated temperature behavior of sheet magnesium alloys, Magnesium Technology 2002 edited by H.I. Kaplan TMS Magnesium Symposium Proc., TMS Warrendale, PA 2002 175

  10. 10

    G.V. Raynor: The Physical Metallurgy of Magnesium and Its Alloys Pergamon Press New York 1959

    Google Scholar 

  11. 11

    E.F. Emley: Principles of Magnesium Technology Pergamon Press London 1966

    Google Scholar 

  12. 12

    S. Alexander, J. McTague: Should all crystals be BCC? Landau theory of solidification and crystal nucleation. Phys. Rev. Lett. 41, 702 1978

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  13. 13

    Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams edited by T.B. Massalski 2nd ed. ASM International Materials Park, OH 1990

    Google Scholar 

  14. 14

    F.W. von Batchelder, R.F. Raeuchle: Lattice constants and Brillouin overlap in dilute magnesium alloys. Phys. Rev. 105, 1 1957

    Article  Google Scholar 

  15. 15

    W.B. Pearson: The Crystal Chemistry and Physics of Metals and Alloys Wiley-Interscience New York 1972

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgments

The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial support of Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council (NSERC) of Canada, General Motors (GM) of Canada, and McGill University and thank Pierre Vermette for assisting in the casting experiments.

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to M. Pekguleryuz.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Becerra, A., Pekguleryuz, M. Effects of lithium, indium, and zinc on the lattice parameters of magnesium. Journal of Materials Research 23, 3379–3386 (2008). https://doi.org/10.1557/JMR.2008.0414

Download citation