Ferroelectric layered perovskite SrBi2Nb2O9 has been successfully prepared through a new process using BiNbO4 as a precursor. The SrBi2Nb2O9 formation mechanism was investigated using a nonisothermal analysis method at constant heating rates. The weight lossrecorded in thermal analysis under different heating rates was analogized to thereaction conversion. A combination of the differential and integral methods was introduced to solve thereaction mechanisms. Analysis using the differential method revealed that two kinds of diffusion-controlled models have higher linear correlation coefficients than other models. Based on the integral method principle, a new integral equation combining the Arrhenius equation and the Lobatto approximation was derived in this study. The established equation significantly simplified the conventional calculation process and improved the accuracy for predicting thereaction models. Analysis using the integral method corroborated that the SrBi2Nb2O9 formation mechanism is governed by Jander’s diffusion controlled model, and the activation energy was calculated to be 192.1 kJ/mol. The proposed methods and the derived equations can be further applied to other solid-state-reaction systems to elucidate their reaction kinetics and estimate therelated kinetic parameters.
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Lu, CH., Hsu, WT. & Lee, JT. Nonisothermal reaction kinetics and preparation of ferroelectric strontium bismuth niobate with a layered perovskite structure. Journal of Materials Research 19, 2956–2963 (2004). https://doi.org/10.1557/JMR.2004.0377