The effect of annealing environments on the epitaxial recrystallization of ion-beam-amorphized SrTiO3

Abstract

Time-resolved reflectivity and Rutherford backscattering spectroscopy were used to investigate the effects of regrowth environments on the thermally induced solid phase epitaxial (SPE) regrowth of amorphous near-surface layers produced by ion implantation of single-crystal SrTiO3. Water vapor in the regrowth atmosphere was found to alter both the apparent rate and activation energy of the SPE regrowth. For relatively dry atmospheres, a single constant regrowth rate is observed at any given temperature, and the activation energy is 1.2 ± 0.1 eV. When the concentration of H2O vapor in the atmosphere is increased, however, the regrowth activation energy effectively decreases to ∼0.95 eV. When regrown in atmospheres containing H2O vapor, the SrTiO3 amorphous layer exhibits two distinct stages of SPE regrowth as compared to the single rate found for dry anneals. This two-stage process apparently results from the diffusion of H/OH from the regrowth atmosphere at the surface of the crystal through the amorphous layer to the regrowing crystalline/amorphous interface.

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Rankin, J., McCallum, J.C. & Boatner, L.A. The effect of annealing environments on the epitaxial recrystallization of ion-beam-amorphized SrTiO3 . Journal of Materials Research 7, 71 (1992). https://doi.org/10.1557/JMR.1992.0717

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