Pigmy and giant dipole states in stable and unstable oxygen isotopes
We have studied dipole states of oxygen isotopes in large scale shell model calculations. The calculated photoreaction cross sections in 16O, 17O and 18O give reasonable agreement with experimental observations both in the low energy region below ħω=15 MeV and in the high energy giant resonance region (15 MeV < ħω ≤ 30 MeV). We found that the transition strength below dipole giant resonance (ħω ≤ 15 MeV) exhausts about 10% of the classical Thomas-Reiche-Kuhn sum rule and more than 40% of the cluster sum rule in heavier oxygen isotopes than 17O. The predicted Pigmy strengths in 20O and 22O are also confirmed by recent Coulomb excitation experiment at GSI.
Keywordsdipole strength distribution in oxygen isotopes large scale shell model calculations pigmy strength predictions
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