Foliar aphid complex is becoming a major constraint of wheat production in India. The only option available to manage them is the use of insecticides. In this endeavor, the All India Coordinated Wheat and Barley Improvement Programme (AICW&BIP) has recommended traditional insecticides viz., dimethoate, oxydemeton methyl etc. Insecticide resistance and dearth of new molecules created a need to identify newer molecules for wheat aphid control. Recently, the neonicotinoids, viz., imidacloprid and thiamethoxam were recommended for the control of foliar aphids by the AICW&BIP. To broaden the base of these molecules, clothianidin, a new molecule, belonging to the neonicotinoids was evaluated at three locations viz., Ludhiana, Karnal and Niphad for two years. It was found that the new molecule was highly effective at 35 g/ha in controlling the foliar aphids and reducing the yield losses. The new molecule was found safe under field conditions but in vitro studies showed that it was relatively toxic to the coccinellid beetles. The feeding preference study showed that the treated leaves were not fed by aphids up to seven days after treatment. No phytotoxicity was observed on the plants even when they were sprayed at very high concentrations.
Anonymous 2006. Package of practices for crops of Punjab. Rabi. Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, India, pp. 1–20.
Cloyd, R.A., Dickinson, A. 2006. Effect of insecticides on mealybug destroyer (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) and parasitoid Leptomastix dactylopii (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae), natural enemies of citrus mealybug (Homoptera: Pseudococcidae). J. Economic Entomol. 99:1596–1604.
Cutler, G., Christopher, S.D., Cynthia, D. 2007. Exposure to clothianidin seed-treated canola has no long-term impact on honey bees. J. Economic Entomol. 100:765–772.
Frank, J.B., Nick C.T., Anthony, A.U., Joseph, G.M. 2007. Toxicity of systemic neonicotinoid insecticides to avocado thrips in nursery avocado trees. Pest Management Sci. 63:860–866.
Heinrichs, E.A. 1986. Perspectives and directions for the continued development of insect-resistant rice varieties. Agricult., Ecosystems and the Environ. 18:9–36.
Mhaske, B.M., Pardeshi, S.R., Bhoite, K.D., Rasal, P.N. 2007. Biosafety of coccinellid predators and chemical control of wheat aphids. Agricult. Sci. Digest. 27:264–266.
Patil, S.D., Rasal, P.N., Babu, K.S., Shambharkar, D.A., Game, B.C. 2009. Efficacy of different newer chemicals and seed treatment against foliage feeding wheat aphids. Int. J. Plant Protec. 2:271–275.
Plapp, F.W. Jr., Vinson S.B. 1977. Comparitive toxicities of some insecticides to the tobacco budworm and its Ichneumonid parasite, Campoletis sonorensis (Cameron). Environ. Entomol. 6:381–84.
Vastrad, A.S. 2003. Neonicotinoids — Current success and future outlook. Pestology 27:60–63.
About this article
Cite this article
Babu, K.S., Singh, B., Mhaske, B. et al. Clothianidin, a New Neonicotinoid Insecticide for the Management of Foliar Aphid Complex of Wheat in India and Its Safety to Coccinellid Predators. CEREAL RESEARCH COMMUNICATIONS 40, 296–303 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1556/CRC.40.2012.2.14