Cereal Research Communications

, Volume 39, Issue 1, pp 22–31 | Cite as

Effect of drought on yield and drought susceptibility index for quality characters of promising rice genotypes

  • A. K. Mall
  • P. SwainEmail author
  • S. Das
  • O. N. Singh
  • A. Kumar


Twenty-four promising drought tolerant genotypes of IRRI and different parts of India were evaluated for genetic variability and drought susceptibility index (DSI) for 12 quality characters and grain yield under irrigated (E1) and drought (E2) conditions. In the present study differences among the genotypes are highly significant for all the characters; between the environments head rice recovery, alkali spreading value, water uptake, kernel length after cooking and yield were significant, while genotype × environment interaction was only significant for hulling, milling, head rice recovery and water uptake. Head rice recovery, alkali spreading value, water uptake and amylose content were observed to be governed by additive gene action under both the environments. Grain yield was positively correlated with kernel width and amylose content under stress environment while, kernel width was positively correlated with hulling and milling and kernel length was correlated with amylose content. The path coefficient analysis revealed that only kernel width in both the environments and amylose content in E2 had positive direct effect on yield. Most of the genotypes expressed low DSI value (<1) for yield and quality characters. However, Swarna and IR 78877-181-B-1-2 were identified as stable genotypes with low DSI value for seed yield and quality characters.


rainfed rice drought quality traits DSI stability factor selection parameters 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Adhikari, S., Bagchi, D.K., Sarkar, B.K. 1999. Studies on the extent of drought tolerance in upland super-fast rice. Oryza 36:169–170.Google Scholar
  2. Beachell, H.M., Stansel, J.W. 1963. Selecting rice for specific cooking characteristics in a breeding programme. Int. Rice Comm. Newsl. 12:25–40.Google Scholar
  3. Bernier, J., Atlin, G.N., Rachid, S., Kumar, A., Spaner, D. 2008. Breeding upland rice for drought resistance. J. Sci. Food Agric. 88:927–939.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bose, L.K., Das, S., Pradhan, S.K., Subudhi, H.N., Singh, S., Singh, O.N. 2007. Genetic variability of quality characters and grain yield in low land rice genotypes of Eastern India. Korean J. Breed Sci. 39:39–44.Google Scholar
  5. Chaudhary, D., Rao, M.J.B.K. 1982. Breeding rice varieties for dry land and drought-prone areas of India. In: Drought Resistance in Crops with Emphasis on Rice [Proceedings of the Symposium on Principles and Methods of Crop Improvement for Drought Resistance in Crops with Emphasis on Rice]. IRRI, Los Banos, Laguna, Philippines, pp. 265–272.Google Scholar
  6. Chauhan, J.S., Tyagi, M.K., Kumar, A., Nashaat, N.I., Singh, M., Singh, N.B., Jakhar, M.L., Welham, S.J. 2007. Drought effects on yield and its components in Indian mustard (Brassica juncea L.). Plant Breeding 126:399–402.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Clarke, J.M., Tunley-Smith, T.F., Machaig, T.N., Green, D.G. 1984. Growth analysis of spring wheat cultivars of varying drought resistance. Crop Sci. 24:537–541.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. CropStat 7.2 for Windows 2009. Crop Research Informatics Laboratory, International Rice Research Institute, Los Banos, Philippines.Google Scholar
  9. Fischer, K.S., Fukai, S., Lafitte, M., McLaren, G. 2003. Know your target environment. In: Breeding Rice for Drought-prone Environments. IRRI, Los Banos, Philippines.Google Scholar
  10. Fischer, R.A., Maurer, R. 1978. Drought resistance in spring wheat cultivars. I. Grain yield responses. Aust. J. Agric. Res. 29:897–912.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Gomez, K.A., Gomez, A.A. 1984. Statistical Procedures for Agricultural Research (2nd ed.). John Wiley & Sons Inc., New York, USA, 680 pp.Google Scholar
  12. Govindswamy, S., Ghosh, A.K. 1969. The time of harvest, moisture content and method of drying on milling quality of rice. Oryza 6:54–66.Google Scholar
  13. International Rice Testing Programme 1996. Standard Evaluation System for Rice. 4th ed. International Rice Research Institute, Los Banos, Philippines.Google Scholar
  14. Johnson, H.W., Robinson, H.F., Comstock, R.E. 1955. Estimates of genetic and environmental variability in soybean. Agron. J. 47:314–318.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Juliano, B.O. 1971. A simplified assay for milled rice Amylose. Cereal Sci. Today 16:334–340.Google Scholar
  16. Kamoshita, A., Babu, R.C., Boopathi, N.M., Fukai, S. 2008. Phenotypic and genotypic analysis of drought-resistance traits for development of rice cultivars adapted to rainfed environments. Field Crop Res. 109:1–23.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Kumawat, B.L., Sharma, D.D., Jat, S.C. 1997. Effect of Brassinosteroid on yield and yield attributing characteristics under water deficit stress condition in mustard (B juncea L.). Ann. Biol. 13:91–93.Google Scholar
  18. Lewis, D. 1954. Gene-environment interaction. A relationship between dominance, heterosis, phenotypic stability and variability. Heredity 8:333–356.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Little, R.R., Hilder, G.B., Dawson, E.H. 1958. Differential effect of dilute alkali on 25 varieties of milled white rice. Cereal Chem. 35:112–126.Google Scholar
  20. Malik, S.S., Dikshit, S.N., Dash, A.B., Lodh, S.B. 1994. Studies on agromorphological and physio-chemical characteristics of local scented rice. Oryza 31:106–110.Google Scholar
  21. Mohanty, S. 2009. A look at India. Rice Today 8 (3).Google Scholar
  22. O’Toole, J.C. 1982. Adaptation of rice to drought prone environments. In: Drought Resistance in Crops with Emphasis on Rice [Proceedings of the Symposium on Principles and Methods of Crop Improvement for Drought Resistance in Crops with Emphasis on Rice]. IRRI, Los Banos, Laguna, Philippines, pp. 195–213.Google Scholar
  23. Sarawgi, A.K., Srivastava, M.N., Chowdhary, B.P. 1991. Partial diallel cross analysis of yield and its related characters in rice (Oryza sativa L.) under irrigated and rainfed conditions. Indian J. Genet. 51:30–36.Google Scholar
  24. Singh, R.K., Chaudhury, B.D. 1985. Biometrical Methods in Quantitative Genetic Analysis. Kalyani Publishers, New Delhi, India.Google Scholar
  25. Vanaja, T., Babu, L.C. 2006. Variability in grain quality attributes of high yielding rice varieties (Oryza sativa L.) of diverse origin. J. of Tropical Agriculture 44:61–63.Google Scholar
  26. Venkatesan, M., Anbuselvam, Y., Elangaimannan, R., Karthikeyan, P. 2007. Combining ability for yield and physical characters in rice. Oryza 44:296–299.Google Scholar
  27. Winter, S.R., Musick, J.T., Porter, K.B. 1988. Evaluation of screening techniques for breeding drought resistance winter wheat. Crop Sci. 28:512–516.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. K. Mall
    • 2
  • P. Swain
    • 1
    Email author
  • S. Das
    • 1
  • O. N. Singh
    • 1
  • A. Kumar
    • 2
  1. 1.Central Rice Research InstituteCuttackIndia
  2. 2.International Rice Research InstituteLos BanosPhilippines

Personalised recommendations