Abiotic stresses like salinity and abnormally cold environments cause significant yield losses in many crops including wheat. Therefore, concerted efforts are being made by breeders to develop new varieties with salt and cold tolerance to ensure stable yields over varied environments. This study was undertaken to screen six hundred and seventy-seven accessions of international wheat genetic resources to identify lines with high level of tolerance to salinity and cold environments. Based on the results of two years study in different agroecological locations, 51 accessions were classified as salt tolerant and 115 accessions were classified as cold tolerant. Of these, 35 accessions had good agronomic characteristics. Also, there were 39 genotypes with combined tolerance to cold as well as salinity. Thus, there were good lines which can be used directly or as parents for breeding wheat varieties for wide adaptation and high yield. Further analysis of the data showed that early genotypes had good cold tolerance but a poor salt tolerance. It was also observed that small number of both test spikelet and spikelet, short spike length and good seed-plump were positively associated with cold tolerance. Therefore, maturity and spike traits should be taken into considered when selecting wheat lines for wide adaptation breeding.
Ashraf, M., McNeilly, T. 1988. Variability in salt tolerance of nine spring wheat cultivars. J. Agron. and Crop Sci. 160: 14–21.
Allard, R.W., Jain, S.K. 1962. Population studies in predominantly self-pollinated species, II. Analysis of quantitative changes in a bulk hybrid population of barley. Evolution 16: 90–101.
Austin, R.B. 1982. Crop characteristics and potential yield of wheat. J. Agric. Sci. Camb. 98: 447–453.
Cao, G.C., Wu, D.B. 2000. Geographical changes of the growth duration of common wheat and its different varietal ecotypes. Agric. Meteorol. 21: 29–32.
Cattivelli, L., Baldi, P., Crosatti, C., Fonzo, N.D., Faccioli, P., Grossi, M., Mastrangelo, A.M., Pecchioni, N., Stanca, A.M. 2002. Chromosome regions and stress-related sequences involved in resistance to abiotic stress in Triticeae. Plant Mol. Biol. 48: 649–665.
Dong, Y.C., Zheng, D.S. 2000. Chinese Wheat Genetic Resources. China Agricultural Press, Beijing. pp. 4–5.
El-Hendawy, S.E., Hu, Y.C., Yakout, G.M., Awad A.M., Hafiz, S.E., Schmidhalter, U. 2005. Evaluating salt tolerance of wheat genotypes using multiple parameters. Europ. J. Agron. 22: 243–253.
Farooq, S., Azam, F. 2007. Differences in behavior of salt tolerant and salt and water deficiency tolerant wheat genotypes when subjected to various salinity levels. Cereal Res. Commun. 35: 63–70.
Farooq, S., Asghar, M., Iqbal, N., Askari, E., Arif, M., Shah, T.M. 1995. Production and evaluation of salt tolerant wheat germplasm produced through crossing wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) with Aegilops cylindrica -II. Field evaluation of salt tolerant germplasm. Cereal Res. Commun. 23: 275–282.
Fujita, M., Kawada, N., Tahir, M. 1992. Relationship between cold resistance, heading traits and ear primordial development of wheat cultivars. Euphytica 64: 123–130.
Gorham, J., Wyn Jones, R.G., Bristol, A. 1990. Partial characterization of the trait for enhanced K+-Na+ discrimination in the D genome of wheat. Planta 180: 590–597.
Kingsbury, R.W., Emanuel, E. 1984. Selection for salt-resistant spring wheat. Crop Sci. 24: 310–315.
Li, B., Wang, Z.C., Sun, Z.G., Chen, Y., Yang, F. 2005. Resources and sustainable resource exploitation of salinized land in China. Agric. Res. Arid Areas 23: 154–158.
Lu, L., Zhang, H.Y., Li, G.R. 1996. Wheat salt-tolerant mutant RS8901-17. Breeds Res. Crop 1: 55.
Luo, T.B., Ren, W. 2001. Effect on planting salt-tolerant wheat to salinized fields in Xin jiang. Chinese J. Eco-Agric. 9: 102–103.
Ma, Y.Q., Weng, Y.J. 2005. Evaluation for salt tolerance in spring wheat cultivars introduced from abroad. Acta Agron. Sin. 31: 58–64.
Mahmood, A., Baenziger, P.S. 2008. Creation of salt tolerant wheat doubled haploid lines from wheat × maize crosses. Cereal Res. Commun. 36: 361–371.
Munns, R. 2002. Comparative physiology of salt and water stress. Plant Cell Environ. 25: 239–250.
Munns, R., Schachtman, D.P., Condon, A.G. 1995. The significance of a two-phase growth response to salinity in wheat and barley. Australian J. Plant Physiol. 22: 561–569.
Munns, R., James, R.A., Läuchli, A. 2006. Approaches to increasing the salt tolerance of wheat and other cereals. J. Exp. Botany 57: 1025–1043.
Quamme, H.A. 1982. Breeding and selecting temperate food crops for cold hardiness. In: Li, P.H., Sakai, A. (eds.), Plant Cold Hardiness and Freezing Stress Mechanism and Crop Implications. Academic Press, New York, USA, 313 pp.
Royo, A., Aragüés, R., Playán, E., Ortiz, R. 2000. Salinity-grain yield response functions of barley cultivars assessed with a drip-injection irrigation system. Soil Sci. Society of America J. 64: 359–365.
Song, Y.X., Jing, R.L., Huo, N.X., Ren, Z.L., Jia, J.Z. 2006. Detection of QTLs for heading in common wheat (T. aestivum L.) using different populations. Sci. Agric. Sin. 39: 2186–2193.
Steppuhn, H., Genuchten, M.T., Grieve, C.M. 2005. Root-zone salinity. I. Selecting a product-yield index and response functions for crop tolerance. Crop Sci. 45: 209–220.
Sun, J.C., Wang, X.S., Yang, S.L. 2008. Progress of research on salt-resistance in plants. Agric. Res. Arid Areas 26: 226–230.
Timothy, D., Timothy, C., Flowers J., Munns, R. 2006. Use of wild relatives to improve salt tolerance in wheat. J. Exp. Botany 57: 1059–1078.
Wang, Z.Q. 1993. Salt-affected Soils in China. Beijing, Science Press. 63 pp.
Wei, X.Y., Ou, X.Q., Li, X.H., Tang, J.X. 2009. Change of physiological characteristics of different wheat varieties under the low temperature in winter and spring in Huanghuai area. Hubei Agric. Sci. 48: 47–50.
Zeng, H.X., Wang, J. 2005. The salt injury physiology and salt resistance of plant. Bull. Biol. 40: 1–3.
Zhang, X.P. 2005. Study on salt-resistance of wheat varieties in saline-alkaliareas in Baiyin city of Gansu province. Agric. Res. in the Arid Areas 23: 103–107.
Zhao, R.T., Gao, S.G. 1995. Studies on the application of anther culture in salt tolerance breeding in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Acta Agron. Sin. 21: 230–234.
Communicated by J. Zhang
About this article
Cite this article
Li, X.P., Lan, S.Q., Zhang, Y.L. et al. Field screening and evaluation of salt and cold tolerance of wheat germplasm resources. CEREAL RESEARCH COMMUNICATIONS 38, 32–42 (2010). https://doi.org/10.1556/CRC.38.2010.1.4
- bread wheat (Triticum aestivum)
- germplasm resources
- abiotic stress
- wheat breeding
- cold tolerance
- salt tolerance