Cereal Research Communications

, Volume 38, Issue 1, pp 146–153 | Cite as

Environmental effects on associations among nitrogen use efficiency traits in wheat

  • B. GorjanovićEmail author
  • M. Kraljević-Balalić
  • S. Janković


Nitrogen use efficiency parameters of twelve bread wheat cultivars were studied in nine environments comprised of three nitrogen applications tested over three years. An environment-by-trait association biplot and a trait-association by environment biplot were applied to understand environmental effects on these traits and relationships among them. The following trait associations were relatively stable across environments: negative associations of straw nitrogen content vs. nitrogen remobilization efficiency, straw nitrogen content vs. nitrogen harvest index and a positive association of nitrogen remobilization efficiency vs. nitrogen harvest index. The selection of genotypes with a high nitrogen harvest index and nitrogen remobilization efficiency could be used in the development of cultivars with desired nitrogen use efficiency. A low straw nitrogen content can also be used as a reliable and cost-effective indicator in the selection of genotypes with high nitrogen use efficiency.


wheat nitrogen use efficiency yield trait association-by-environment biplot 


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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. Gorjanović
    • 1
    Email author
  • M. Kraljević-Balalić
    • 1
  • S. Janković
    • 2
  1. 1.Faculty of AgricultureNovi SadSerbia
  2. 2.Institute for Science Application in AgricultureBelgradeSerbia

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