Anther culture response of Triticum durum × T. monococcum ssp. aegilopoides amphiploid
Two durum wheat varieties, Saturn-1 and Neptun-2, were used in the production of Triticum durum × Triticum monococcum ssp. aegilopoides amphiploid (AABBA m A m), thus generating two amphiploid lines, designated A1 and A2, respectively. Anther culture response was studied involving callus induction, plant regeneration, albino- and green plants produced. The wild wheat parent did not respond to any of the parameters studied while the tetraploid wheats yielded only albino plants. Amphiploid lines differed in between for plant regeneration ability and produced albino and green plants, ranging from 1.9–3.2 and 0.4–0.8 per 100 plated anthers, respectively. Thus, the lines reacted equally in androgenesis for green plant yields and might be of use in the haploid wheat production.
KeywordsTriticum monococcum ssp. aegilopoides T. durum amphiploid anther culture response
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