Wheat-rye 1BL.1RS translocations have been widely used in wheat breeding programs. A 1BL.1RS translocation wheat line, 91S-23, was developed from a 1R monosomic addition of the rye (Secale cereale) inbred line L155 into wheat (Triticum aestivum) MY11. A new commercial wheat cultivar, CN18, which also contained the 1BL.1RS translocation, was derived from the cross MY11 × 91S-23. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) indicated that the rye centromere was eliminated from the 1BL.1RS chromosomes of CN18 but not from 91S-23. Based on the 1RS source and the centromeric structure of the translocation chromosome, CN18 qualifies as a new wheat cultivar possessing a 1BL.1RS translocation. CN18 displayed high yield performance and resistance to powdery mildew and stripe rust, whereas 91S-23 was susceptible to these diseases. The present study provides a new 1RS resource for wheat improvement.
Chai, J.F., Zhou, R.H., Jia, J.Z., Liu, X. 2006. Development and application of a new codomint PCR marker for dectecting 1BL.1RS wheat-rye chromosome translocations. Plant Breed. 125:302–304.
De Froidmont, D. 1998. A co-dominant marker for the 1BL/1RS wheat-rye translocation via multiplex PCR. J. Cereal Sci. 27:229–232.
D. Nagy, E., Eder, Ch., Molnár-Láng, M., Lelley, T. 2003. Genetic mapping of sequence specific PCR-based markers in the short arm of the 1BL.1RS wheat-rye translocation. Euphytica 132:243–250.
Francki, M.G. 2001. Identification of Bilby, a diverged centromeric Tyl-copia retrotransposon family from cereal rye (Secale cereale L.). Genome 44:266–274.
Kim, W., Johnson, J.W., Baenziger, P.S., Lukaszewski, A.J., Gaines, C.S. 2004. Agronomic effect of wheat-rye translocation carrying rye chromatin (1R) from different sources. Crop Sci. 44:1254–1258.
Ko, J.M., Seo, B.B., Suh, D.Y., Do, G.S., Park, D.S. 2002a. Production of a new wheat lines possessing the 1BL.1RS wheat-rye translocation derived from Korean rye cultivar Paldanghomil. Theor. Appl. Genet. 104:171–176.
Ko, J.M., Do, G.S., Suh, D.Y., Seo, B.B., Shin, D.C., Moon, H.P. 2002b. Identification and chromosomal organization of two rye genome-specific RAPD products useful as introgression markers in wheat. Genome 45:157–164.
Kőszegi, B., Linc, G., Juhász, A., Láng, L., Molnár-Láng, M. 2000. Occurrence of the 1RS/1BL wheat-rye translocation in Hungarian wheat varieties. Acta Agr. Hung. 48:227–236.
Landjeva, S., Korzun, V., Tsanev, V., Vladova, R., Ganeva, G. 2006. Distribution of the wheat-rye translocation 1RS.1BL among bread wheat varieties of Bulgaria. Plant Breed. 125:102–104.
Li, Y.W., Li, Z.S., Jia, X. 2002. Meiotic behavior of 1BL.1RS translocation chromosome and alien chromosome in two tri-general hybrids. Acta Botan. Sin. 44:821–826.
Lukaszewski, A.J. 1990. Frequency of 1RS.1AL and 1RS.1BL translocations in United States wheats. Crop Sci. 30:1151–1153.
Lukaszewski, A.J. 1993. Reconstruction in wheat of complete chromosomes 1B and 1R from the 1RS.1BL translocation of ‘Kavkaz’ origin. Genome 36:821–824.
Lukaszewski, A.J. 1997. Further manipulation by centric misdivision of the 1RS.1BL translocation in wheat. Euphytica 94:257–261.
Luo, P.G., Ren, Z.L., Zhang, H.Q., Zhang, H.Y. 2005. Identification, chromosome location, and diagnostic markers for a new gene (YrCN19) for resistance to wheat stripe rust. Phytopathology 95:1266–1270.
Lutz, J., Limpert, E., Bartos, P., Zeller, F.J. 1992. Identification of powdery mildew resistance genes in common wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) I. Czechoslovakian cultivars. Plant Breed. 108:33–39.
McIntyre, C.L., Pereira, S.L., Moran, B., Appels, R. 1990. New Secale (rye) DNA derivatives for the detection of rye chromosome segments in wheat. Genome 33:635–640.
McKendry, A.L., Tague, D.N., Miskin, K.E. 1996. Effect of 1BL.1RS on agronomic performance of soft red winter wheat. Crop Sci. 36:844–847.
Mohler, V., Hsam, S.L.K., Zeller, F.J., Wenzel, G. 2001. An STS marker distinguishing the rye-derived powdery mildew resistance alleles at the Pm8/Pm17 locus of common wheat. Plant Breed. 120:448–450.
Molnár-Láng, M., Kőszegi, B., Linc, G., Sutka, J. 1996. Búza (Triticum aestivum L.)/Triticum timopheevii Zhuk., addíció, szubsztitúció és búza/rozs transzlokáció kimutatása C-sávozással és in situ hibridizációval [Detection of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)/Triticum timopheevii Zhuk. addition and substitution and wheat/rye translocation by C-banding and in situ hybridization]. Növénytermelés 45:237–245.
Moreno-Sevilla, B., Baenziger, P.S., Shelton, D.R., Graybosch, R.A., Peterson, C.J. 1995. Agronomic performance and end-use quality of 1B vs. 1BL/1RS genotypes derived from winter wheat ‘Rawhide’. Crop Sci. 35:1607–1612.
Rabinovich, S.V. 1998. Importance of wheat-rye translocation for breeding modern cultivars of Triticum aestivum L. Euphytica 100:323–340.
Ren, Z.L., Zhang, H.Q. 1997. Induction of small-segment-translocation between wheat and rye chromosomes. Sci. in China (Series C) 40:323–331.
Saal, B., Wricke, G. 1999. Development of simple sequence repeat markers in rye (Secale cereale L.). Genome 42:964–972.
Schlegel, R., Meinel, A. 1994. A quantitative trait locus (QTL) on chromosome arm 1RS of rye and its effect on yield performance of hexaploid wheats. Cereal Res. Comm. 22:7–13.
Schlegel, R., Korzun, V. 1997. About the origin of 1RS.1BL wheat-rye chromosome translocations from Germany. Plant Breed. 116:537–540.
Schlegel, R. 1997. Current list of wheats with rye introgression of homoelogous group 1, 2nd update. Wheat Inf. Serv. 84:64–69.
Van Campenhout, S., Vander Stappen, J., Sagi, L., Volckaert, G. 1995. Locus-specific primers for LMW glutenin genes on each of the group 1 chromosomes of hexaploid wheat. Theor. Appl. Genet. 91:313–319.
Villareal, R.L., Banuelos, O., Mujeeb-Kazi, A., Rajaram, S. 1998. Agronomic performance of chromosome 1B and T1BL.1RS nearisolines in the spring bread wheat Seri M82. Euphytica 103:195–202.
Yang, Z.J., Li, G.R., Jiang, H.R., Ren, Z.L. 2001. Expression of nucleolus, endosperm storage proteins and disease resistance in an amphiploid between Aegilops tauschii and Secale silvestre. Euphytica 119:317–321.
Zhang, H.B., Zhao, X.P., Ding, X., Paterson, A.H., Wing, R.A. 1995. Preparation of megabase-sized DNA from plant nuclei. Plant J. 7:175–184.
Zhang, P., Friebe, B., Lukaszewski, A.J., Gill, B.S. 2001. The centromere structure in Robertsonian wheat-rye translocation chromosomes indicates that centric breakage-fusion can occur at different positions within the primary constriction. Chromosoma 110:335–344.
Zhou, Y., He, Z.H., Zhang, G.S., Xia, L.Q., Chen, X.M., Gao, Y.C., Jing, Z.B., Yu, G.J. 2004. Utilization of 1BL/1RS translocation in wheat breeding in China. Acta Agron. Sin. 30:531–535.
About this article
Cite this article
Tang, Z.X., Fu, S.L., Ren, Z.L. et al. Production of a New Wheat Cultivar with a Different 1B.1R Translocation with Resistance to Powdery Mildew and Stripe Rust. CEREAL RESEARCH COMMUNICATIONS 36, 451–460 (2008). https://doi.org/10.1556/CRC.36.2008.3.9
- 1BL.1RS translocation
- new wheat cultivar
- variation of 1RS