Agronomic and Kernel Quality of Ancient Wheats Grown in Central and Southern Italy

Abstract

Several genotypes of the two “ancients wheats” species, Khorasan wheat and emmer, were evaluated in two different marginal areas of central and southern Italy. They were compared with some old and new released varieties of durum wheat, in order to better understand their agronomic potential and their suitability to be grown in those conditions. Khorasan wheat was the worst yielding species with the highest plant height, kernel and hectolitre weight. Yield and kernel weight from emmer resulted intermediate between the other two species, while plant height did not differ from that of durum wheat. Emmer exhibited high protein and gluten content. Wide genetic response to many traits was found within each species grouping; this suggests that some emmer and Khorasan wheat genotypes have the potential to give high quality product and interesting yield in rainfed marginal areas of central and southern Italy.

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Correspondence to F. Stagnari.

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Stagnari, F., Codianni, P. & Pisante, M. Agronomic and Kernel Quality of Ancient Wheats Grown in Central and Southern Italy. CEREAL RESEARCH COMMUNICATIONS 36, 313–326 (2008). https://doi.org/10.1556/CRC.36.2008.2.11

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Keywords

  • ancient wheats
  • emmer
  • Khorasan wheat
  • marginal areas