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Cereal Research Communications

, Volume 33, Issue 2–3, pp 611–618 | Cite as

Effect of Population Density and Variety on Irrigated Wheat Yield and Components when Grown on Beds in Northwest Mexico

  • Julio Rodríguez-CasasEmail author
  • Oscar H. Moreno-Ramos
  • Donald Johnson
  • Eduardo P. Canseco-Vilchis
  • Thomas L. Thompson
  • Jesús M. Salazar-Gómez
Article

Abstract

Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) population density (PD) could be used to improve the wheat production technology in Northwestern Mexico. Tillering capacity is a characteristic of the variety. Theoretically, the recommended PD should not be modified by the variety. The objective of this study was to determine the effects of the variety (V) and PD on wheat yield and other components. A field study was carried out at the Yaqui Valley Agricultural Experimental Station, in Sonora, Mexico. It consisted of a complete factorial of five wheat varieties: Aconchi C89, Tepoca T89, Oasis F86, Altar C85, and Rayon F89, and seven PD treatments: 20, 40, 80, 160, 240, 320 and 800 thousand plants per hectare (TPPH)) in a split plot design with varieties as main plots and the PD as subplots in a complete randomized block design with five replications. For all the evaluated variables, the response to PD was different according to the variety, mainly in treatments with low PD, and as this was increased, the response turned asymptotic, with optimum PD being different for each variety. The maximum yield and the other wheat components were reached with the optimum PD, around 160 TPPH. The number of tillers per plant (TPP) always decreased with increased PD, while the harvest index (HI) was not affected by the studied factors.

Index Words

Triticum aestivum L. tillering capacity population density wheat on raised beds variety 

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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest 2005

This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

Authors and Affiliations

  • Julio Rodríguez-Casas
    • 1
    Email author
  • Oscar H. Moreno-Ramos
    • 2
  • Donald Johnson
    • 1
  • Eduardo P. Canseco-Vilchis
    • 1
  • Thomas L. Thompson
    • 3
  • Jesús M. Salazar-Gómez
    • 2
  1. 1.Depto. Agricultura y GanaderíaUniversidad de SonoraHermosilloMéxico
  2. 2.Instituto Tecnológico Agropecuario Num. 21Valle del YaquiMéxico
  3. 3.Dept. Soil Water & Environmental ScienceUniversity of ArizonaTucsonUSA

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