Advertisement

Cereal Research Communications

, Volume 33, Issue 2–3, pp 583–588 | Cite as

Study of wheat lines resistance to Fusarium head blight

  • S. Tomasović
  • B. Palaveršić
  • I. Ikić
Article

Abstract

The aim of this investigation was to determine the reliability of a method of artificial spike inoculation compared with natural infection data and to determine differences in resistance of the Bc winter wheat lines to Fusarium head blight in two climatically different years. Two identical small-scale trials were conducted with 15 Bc winter wheat lines and three sources of resistance: Poncheau, (D48 x 42 x 6) 2 and Roazon in five replications planted in Botinec in 2001 and 2002. The first trial was conducted under natural infection, and the second was inoculated with a spore suspension of 5 x 105 spores/ml using a hand sprayer. Correlation coefficient was determined for resistance in natural and artificial conditions (r = 0.78 and 0.82). Artificial inoculation of wheat spikes with Fusarium graminearum spore suspension using the sprayer method was successful in different weather conditions. Sources of resistance Poncheau, (D 48 x 42 x 6) 2 and Roazon proved their value. Bc winter wheat lines Bc 5792, Bc 733, Bc 5887, Bc 18, and Bc 5210 were found to reveal higher resistance to Fusarium head blight.

Key words

winter wheat breeding for resistance Fusarium head blight sources of resistance artificial infection 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Cvjetković, B., Balai, F., Matijević, D. (1987) Dosadaänja iskustva sa suzbijanjem bolesti pšenice u nas i u Europi. Zaštita bilja 38: 177–183.Google Scholar
  2. Buerstmayr, H., Lemmens, M., Berlakovich, S., Ruckenbauer, P. (1999) Combining ability of resistance to head blight caused by Fusarium culmorum (W. G. Smith) in the F1 of a seven parent diallel of winter wheat (Jriticum aestivum L.), Euphytica 110: 199–206.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Dardis, J. V., Walsh, E. J. (2003) An evaluation of exotic germplasm as sources of Fusarium head blight resistance in bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.), Cereal Research Communications 31: 129–136.Google Scholar
  4. Gilbert, J., Morgan, K. (2000) Field- based rating of spring wheat infected with Fusarium graminearum, cause of Fusarium head blight. 6th European Seminar on Fusarium-Mycotoxins, Taxonomy and Pathogenicity. Berlin. Book of Abstracts: 73.Google Scholar
  5. Gomez, K. A., Gomez, A. A. (1984) Statistical procedures for agricultural research, John WilleyGoogle Scholar
  6. Kruger, W., Weiler, N. (1975) Über die Anfälligheit der Maishybriden gegen Wurzelfaule. Z. Acker- und Pflazenbau, 141: 205–210.Google Scholar
  7. Lemmens, M., Krska, R., Buerstmayr, H., Josephs, R., Schuhmacher, R., Grausgruber, H., Ruckenbauer, P. (2003) Fusarium head blight reactions and accumulation of deoxynivalenol moniliformin and zearalenone in wheat grains, Cereal Research Communications 31: 407–414.Google Scholar
  8. McMullen, M., Jones, R., Gallenberg, D. (1997) Scab of wheat and barley: a reemerging disease of devastating impact. Plant Disease 81: 1340–1348.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Mesterhazy, A. (1984) A laboratory method to predict pathogenicity of Fusarium graminearum in field and resistance of wheat to scab. Acta Phytopathologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae, 19: 205–218.Google Scholar
  10. Mesterhazy, A., Bartok, T., Mirocha, C. G., Komoroczy, R. (1999) Nature of wheat resistance to Fusarium head blight and the role of deoxynivalenol for breeding, Plant Breeding 118: 97–110.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Miller, J. D., Trenholm, H. L. (1994) Mycotoxins in grain. Compounds other than aflatoxin. Eagan Press, St. Paul.Google Scholar
  12. Reid, L. M., Hamilton, R. I., Mather, D. E. (1996) Screening maize for resistance to Gibberella Ear Rot. Tehnical Bulletin 1996-5E. Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada.Google Scholar
  13. Tomasović, S., Vlahović, V., Sesar, B. (1993) Važnost oplemenjivanja ozime pšenice na otpornost na fuzarijsku palež klasa (Fusarium graminearum Schw. i Fusarium moniliforme var. subglutinans). Sjemenarstvo 10: 3–24.Google Scholar
  14. Tomasović, S. (1997) Achievements of the Zagreb Bc Institute in winter wheat breeding for resistance to Fusarium head blight (FHB) in Croatia. Cereal Research Communications 25: 823–824.Google Scholar
  15. Wang, Y. Z., Miller, J. D. (1987) Screening techniques and sources of resistance to Fusarium head blight. Wheat production constrains in tropical environments. Proceedings of the international conference. Chiang Mai, Thailand.Google Scholar
  16. Wiese, M. V. (1987) Compendium of wheat diseases. Am. Phytopath. Soc. St. Paul.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest 2005

This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Tomasović
    • 1
  • B. Palaveršić
    • 1
  • I. Ikić
    • 1
  1. 1.Bc Institute for Breeding and Production of Field CropsZagrebCroatia

Personalised recommendations