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Cereal Research Communications

, Volume 43, Issue 2, pp 260–271 | Cite as

Impact of Multiple Insect-Pest Incidence on Yield in Basmati Rice

  • P. S. SaraoEmail author
  • P. S. Shera
  • P. Singh
Pathology

Abstract

The experiments for determining the multiple insect-pest incidence on yield loss in basmati rice was conducted for two crop seasons. Five treatments were, viz. application of imidacloprid in vegetative stage; application of granular insecticide in vegetative stage; application of higher dose of Urea; augmentive releases of yellow stem borer egg mass at vegetative and booting stage; untreated control. During both the years, the correlation between grain yield and dead heart, leaf folder damage and planthopper population at 50 and 65 DAT and white ear at maturity was negative. The analysis of variance of regression analysis of yield Vs damage levels at different crop growth stages during both the years revealed a significant linear relationship. The yield loss was highly related to incidence of stem borer and leaf folder damage at 50 and 65 DAT during both the years. For integrated pest management, effective monitoring of stem borer and leaf folder from 50 to 65 DAT is required, which appeared as a critical crop growth stage. The farmers should remain cautious during this period to prevent yield loss.

Keywords

basmati rice leaf folder planthopper stem borer yield loss 

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© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest 2015

This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Rice Section, Department of Plant Breeding and GeneticsPunjab Agricultural UniversityLudhianaIndia
  2. 2.Statistics Section, Department of Plant Breeding and GeneticsPunjab Agricultural UniversityLudhianaIndia

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