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Cereal Research Communications

, Volume 41, Issue 4, pp 539–549 | Cite as

Evaluation of Some Promising Wheat Genotypes (Triticum aestivum L.) at Different Zinc Regimes for Crop Production

  • K. Bharti
  • N. Pandey
  • D. Shankhdhar
  • P. C. Srivastava
  • S. C. ShankhdharEmail author
Physiology

Abstract

Zinc is essentially required for crop growth and its insufficient supply to the plants may severely limit the yield traits of a crop. A field experiment was performed during rabi season of 2009–10 and 2010–11 to evaluate the performance of different wheat genotypes under different levels of zinc namely 0 kg ZnSO4 ha−1, 20 kg ZnSO4 ha−1 and 20 kg ZnSO4 ha−1 along with foliar spray of 0.5% solution of ZnSO4. Genotypes responded positively in terms of tiller number, grain and biological yield, spikelet length, spikelet number, grain number and thousandgrain weight. The best response was observed with the application of 20 kg ZnSO4 ha−1 along with foliar spray of 0.5% solution of ZnSO4. Zinc application brought about a maximum increase of 58.6% in tiller number, 63.7% in thousand-grain weight, 40.5% in biological yield, 66.1% in grain yield irrespective of genotypes and the year of study. Wheat genotypes exhibited a variation in their performance which has been exploited in this study. Genotypes UP-262, PBW-175, PBW-343 were found to be superior for one or the other yield contributing factors.

Keywords

wheat tillers spikelet number grain yield biological yield 

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© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest 2013

This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. Bharti
    • 1
  • N. Pandey
    • 2
  • D. Shankhdhar
    • 1
  • P. C. Srivastava
    • 3
  • S. C. Shankhdhar
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Plant Physiology, College of Basic Sciences and HumanitiesG.B. Pant University of Agriculture & TechnologyPantnagar, U.S. Nagar, UttarakhandIndia
  2. 2.Department of Entomology, College of AgricultureG.B. Pant University of Agriculture & TechnologyPantnagar, U.S. Nagar, UttarakhandIndia
  3. 3.Department of Soil Science, College of AgricultureG.B. Pant University of Agriculture & TechnologyPantnagar, U.S. Nagar, UttarakhandIndia

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