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Cereal Research Communications

, Volume 41, Issue 1, pp 170–181 | Cite as

Heterosis and Interrelationship Study on the Values of the Maize Kernel’s Major Ingredients and Its Thousand Weight

  • É. ErdeiEmail author
  • H. Kovácsné Oskolás
  • G. Tikász
  • P. Pepó
Article

Abstract

Five inbreds (UDL1, UDL4, UDL5, UDL6, 126) from our preliminary maize improvement program for increased starch content and some of their hybrids were grown in 2008 at the field of Horticultural Institute, Debrecen University. Three chemical parameters (starch-, protein-, oil content) and the weighing of one physical trait (thousand-kernel weight) were analyzed. The starch content varied from 64.29–70.80% in lines and from 70.84–72.29% in case of hybrids. Protein content in the dry material was between 9.04–12.62% in case of the parent lines and it was 7.61–9.56% in the single cross hybrids. Strong negative correlation (r = −0.834**) was found between starch and protein content of the examined hybrids. The oil content varied from 2.70–3.64% and 2.87–3.39% in lines and hybrids, respectively. The thousand-kernel weight (TKW) varied between 213.6–341.3 g in case of the lines and it was 314.3-426.3 g in hybrids. Significant differences were found among hybrids in TKW (SD5% = 34.66%). Heterosis was experienced in the starch content of UDH6 hybrid. Both the relative and absolute values of heterosis for starch content and kernel weight were positive for each single cross hybrid.

Keywords

maize hybrids hybrid vigour heterosis starch content protein content 

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© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest 2013

This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

Authors and Affiliations

  • É. Erdei
    • 1
    Email author
  • H. Kovácsné Oskolás
    • 1
  • G. Tikász
    • 1
  • P. Pepó
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre for Agricultural and Applied Economic Sciences, Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences and Environmental Management, Institute of Crop SciencesUniversity of DebrecenDebrecenHungary

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