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Acta Biologica Hungarica

, Volume 66, Issue 1, pp 80–92 | Cite as

Chromium Translocation, Concentration and its Phytotoxic Impacts in in Vivo Grown Seedlings of Sesbania Sesban L. Merrill

  • Monalisa MohantyEmail author
  • Chinmay Pradhan
  • Hemanta Kumar Patra
Article

Abstract

The present in vivo pot culture study showed hexavalent chromium (Cr+6) induced phytotoxic impacts and its translocation potential i. 21 days old sesban (Sesbania sesban L. Merrill.) seedlings. Cr+6 showed significant growth retardation i. 21 days old sesban (Sesbania sesban L. Merrill.) seedlings. Germination of seeds a. 10,000 mg L-1 of Cr+6 exhibi. 80% inhibition in germination. Seedling survival wa. 67% afte. 7 days of seedling exposure t. 300 mg kg-1 of Cr+6. Shoot phytotoxicity was enhanced fro. 6% t. 31% with elevated supply of Cr+6 fro. 10 mg kg-1 t. 300 mg kg-1. Elevated supply of Cr+6 exhibited increasing and decreasing trends in % phytotoxicity and seedling tolerance index, respectively. Elevated supply of chromium showed decreased chlorophyll and catalase activities. Peroxidase activities in roots and leaves were significantly higher at increased supply of Cr+6. Cr bioconcentration in roots was nearl. 10 times more than stems whereas leaves showed nearly double accumulation than stems. Tissue specific chromium bioaccumulation showe. 53 an. 12 times more in roots and shoots respectively a. 300 mg kg-1 Cr+6 than control. The present study reveals potential of sesban for effective Cr translocation from roots to shoots as evident from their translocation factor and Total Accumulation Rate values.

Keywords

Antioxidative enzymes bioaccumulation chromium TF-TAR TI 

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© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest 2015

This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

Authors and Affiliations

  • Monalisa Mohanty
    • 1
    Email author
  • Chinmay Pradhan
    • 2
  • Hemanta Kumar Patra
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Environmental Physiology and Biochemistry, Post Graduate Department of BotanyUtkal University, Vani ViharBhubaneswarIndia
  2. 2.Laboratory of Microbial Biotechnology, Post Graduate Department of BotanyUtkal University, Vani ViharBhubaneswarIndia

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