Delayed Action of Serotonin in Molluscan Development
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Serotonin (5-HT) is known to induce a wide range of short-term and long-term (or delayed) effects. In the present paper we demonstrated that short time-window application of the 5-HT precursor 5-hydroxytryptophan during early cleavage stages results in both irreversible morphological malformation (exogastrulation) and distinct changes in behavior of young animals of the freshwater snail, Lymnaea stagnalis (Mollusca: Gastropoda). Pharmacological and immunocytochemical analysis confirmed that both the increase of intracellular 5-HT level within the cleaved blastomers and activation of membrane 5-HT2-like type receptors are required for the appearence of these phenomena.
KeywordsSerotonin precursor exogastrula young snail locomotion
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