A Comparative Study on the Histological Structure of the Spleen in the Ostrich (Struthio Camelus), the Kestrel (Falco Tinnunculus) and the Osprey (Pandion Haliaetus)
The spleen structurally and functionally belongs to the hematopoietic organs and is also an important component of the reticuloendothelial system, which is known to play a major role in host defense. The histological structure of the spleen was investigated in the ostrich, a non-flying bird, the kestrel, a raptor, and the osprey, a fish-eating bird of prey (fish eagle). For this purpose, Mallory’s modified triple stain, methyl green-pyronin and silver stain were used. Germinal centers were not present in the spleen of the osprey. In the spleen of the kestrel, penicillar arterioles and the surrounding lymphoid tissue were markedly dense. Compared to the other two birds, the red and white pulps were clearly distinguishable in the spleen of the ostrich.
KeywordsSpleen ostrich kestrel osprey histology
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.Bancroft, J. D., Cook, H. C. (1984) Manual of Histological Techniques. Churchill Livingstone, Edinburgh, London and New York, pp. 49–50.Google Scholar
- 3.Böck, P. (1989) Romeis Mikroskopishe Technik. 17. Aufl. 561, Urban and Schwarzenberg, München.Google Scholar
- 4.Bradley, O. C., Grahame, T. (1960) The Structure of the Fowl. Oliver and Boyd, Edinburgh.Google Scholar
- 5.Causey Whittow, G. (2000) Sturkie’s Avian Physiology. Academic Press, London.Google Scholar
- 7.Demirsoy, A. (1992) The Basic Rules of Life. Meteksan A. Ş, Ankara (In Turkish).Google Scholar
- 9.Hodges, R. (1974) The Histology of the Fowl. Academic Press, London.Google Scholar
- 12.Lucas, A. M., Jamroz, C. (1961) Atlas of Avian Hematology. Agriculture Monograph 25. United States Department of Agriculture, Washington.Google Scholar
- 13.Nickel, A., Schummer, A., Seiferle, E. (1977) Anatomy of the Domestic Birds. Verlag Paul Parey, Berlin-Hamburg.Google Scholar
- 15.Starck, J. M., Riclefs, R. E. (eds) (1998) Avian Growth and Development. Evolution within the Altricial-precocial. Oxford University Press, New York.Google Scholar
This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.