Investigation of Lipid Peroxide and Glutathione Redox Status of Chicken Conserning on High Dietary Selenium Intake

Abstract

This study was designed to investigate the effects of excess (24.5 mg Se/kg feed) inorganic and organic dietary selenium supplementation on 3-week-old broilers. The experiments lasted 4 days. Intensity of lipid peroxidation processes (malondialdehyde, MDA) and the amount (reduced glutathione, GSH) and activity (glutathione peroxidase activity, GSHPx) of gluathione redox system were measured in blood plasma, red blood cell hemolysate and liver. Voluntary feed intake in the selenium-treated groups reduced remarkably. Elevated GSH concentration and GSHPx activity were measured in plasma and liver of both selenium-treated groups compared to the untreated control and the ‘pair-fed’ controls. The lipid peroxidation processes in the liver showed higher intensity than the control due to both selenium treatment. The applied dose of selenite and selenomethionine does not inhibit, but even improves the activity of glutathione redox system in the liver during the early period of selenium exposure.

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Correspondence to K. Balogh.

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Presented at the International Symposium on Trace Elements in the Food Chain, Budapest, May 25–27, 2006.

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Balogh, K., Weber, M., Erdélyi, M. et al. Investigation of Lipid Peroxide and Glutathione Redox Status of Chicken Conserning on High Dietary Selenium Intake. BIOLOGIA FUTURA 58, 269–279 (2007). https://doi.org/10.1556/ABiol.58.2007.3.3

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Keywords

  • Chicken
  • sodium-selenite
  • selenomethionine
  • glutathione redox system
  • lipid peroxidation