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Community Ecology

, Volume 17, Issue 1, pp 61–70 | Cite as

Patterns of plant species richness and composition in deciduous oak forests in relation to environmental drivers

  • M. SlezákEmail author
  • I. Axmanová
Article

Abstract

Local plant species richness and composition may vary across habitats and between plant taxonomic groups within temperate deciduous forests. Multi-taxon approach is therefore needed to provide a more detailed insight into determinants affecting vegetation structure. Fifty-four deciduous oak-dominated vegetation plots (20 m × 20 m) were sampled across central Slovakia (Štiavnické vrchy Mts) in order to study the effect of environmental (soil, light, topographic) factors on species richness and composition patterns of two main assemblages of understorey layer (herb-layer vascular plants and ground-dwelling bryophytes). The number of recorded herb-layer vascular plants and ground-dwelling bryophytes was 12–48 (mean 28) and 0–11 (mean 4) species per plot, respectively. Generalized linear model revealed that species richness of herb-layer vascular plants was driven by canopy openness, altitude, soil pH/base saturation gradient and plant-available phosphorus. Canopy openness and heat load index accompanied by soil pH/base saturation gradient determined changes of the ground-dwelling bryophyte richness. Canonical Correspondence Analysis identified soil pH/base saturation gradient, canopy openness, soil silt and topography related predictors (altitude, slope, radiation) as the main drivers of the herb-layer vascular plant compositional variability. Species composition variation of ground-dwelling bryophytes was controlled by radiation and canopy openness.

Keywords

Alpha diversity Bryophytes Deciduous oak forests Light conditions Soil chemistry Topography Vascular plants 

Abbreviations

CCA

Canonical Correspondence Analysis

GLM

Generalized Linear Model

PCA

Principal Component Analysis

Nomenclature

Marhold and Hindák (1998) for vascular plants and bryophytes 

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© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest 2016

This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Biology and Ecology, Faculty of EducationCatholic UniversityRužomberokSlovak Republic
  2. 2.Institute of BotanySlovak Academy of SciencesBratislavaSlovak Republic
  3. 3.Department of Botany and ZoologyMasaryk UniversityBrnoCzech Republic

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