How do diversity and functional nestedness of bird communities respond to changes in the landscape caused by eucalyptus plantations?

Abstract

Studies of functional diversity can help to understand processes that determine the presence of species in different habitats. Measurement of functional diversity in silviculture areas is important because different functional traits can show different responses to this landscape alteration, and therefore ecological functions can be affected. This study evaluated functional and taxonomic differences in bird assemblages in a native forest and eucalyptus plantations, and also assessed the functional nestedness of the bird species. We censused birds in eucalyptus plantations of four different ages, and also in a native forest. The results showed higher functional and taxonomic diversity of birds in the native forest than in plantations and higher similarity of functional traits between plantations of different ages. The high functional diversity in the native forest indicates a greater variety of functional traits, resulting in greater functional complementarity than in plantations. The association of some traits with the native forest, such as nectarivory and foraging in air, indicates the importance of native habitats in maintaining species and functions related to such traits. Already, species traits in eucalyptus plantations represent a subset of those that were recorded in the native forest, indicating that some functions are maintained in plantations. Our results demonstrate that the species occurrence in the plantations and native forest is determined by species traits. Thus, the maintenance of some functions in plantations is provided, although there is a higher functional diversity in native forest.

Abbreviations

CWM:

Community Weighted Mean traits

HFBN:

Horto Florestal Barba Negra

NF:

Native Forest

NODF:

Nestedness metric based on Overlap and Decreasing Fill

PPA:

Permanent Preservation Area

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Correspondence to L. I. Jacoboski.

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Jacoboski, L.I., Debastiani, V.J., de Mendonça-Lima, A. et al. How do diversity and functional nestedness of bird communities respond to changes in the landscape caused by eucalyptus plantations?. COMMUNITY ECOLOGY 17, 107–113 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1556/168.2016.17.1.13

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Keywords

  • Avian fauna
  • Functional traits
  • Nestedness
  • Silviculture

Nomenclature

  • Piacentini et al. (2015)