Distribution of Zymoseptoria Tritici Mating Types in Western Poland

Abstract

Zymoseptoria tritici is one of the most common and economically important pathogens of winter wheat in Poland. Sexual reproduction of the species requires two opposite strains, MAT1-1 and MAT1-2 and it plays a significant role in the genetic structure of the pathogen population. The aim of the study was to determine the distribution of mating types of Z. tritici in western Poland between 2013 and 2016. In total 296 Z. tritici strains were isolated and analysed by means of multiplex PCR assay to identify the mating type. The ratio between MAT1-1 and MAT1-2 was individually assessed each year and showed bidirectional, but statistically insignificant fluctuations in frequency. For the four years the total ratio between MAT1-1 and MAT1-2 isolates was almost equal (1.18). Balanced distribution of mating types in the Z. tritici population may suggest that sexual reproduction has considerable impact on the pathogen’s population structure.

References

  1. Cowger, C., McDonald, B.A., Mund, C.C. 2002. Frequency of sexual reproduction by Mycosphaerella graminicola on partially resistant wheat cultivars. Phytopathology 92:1175–1181.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Dean, R., Van Kan, J.A.L., Pretorius, Z.A., Hammond-Kosack, K.E., Di Pietro, A., Spanu, P.D., Rudd, J.J., Dickman, M., Kahmann, R., Ellis, J., Foster, G.D. 2012. The top 10 fungal pathogens in molecular plant pathology. Mol. Plant Pathol. 13:414–430.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. Eriksen, L., Munk, L. 2003. The occurrence of Mycosphaerella graminicola and its anamorph Septoria tritici in winter wheat during the growing season. Eur. J. Plant Pathol. 109:253–259.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. Eyal, Z. 1999. The Septoria tritici and Stagonospora nodorum blotch diseases of wheat. Eur. J. Plant Pathol. 105:629–641.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Fones, H., Gurr, S. 2015. The impact of septoria tritici blotch disease on wheat: An EU perspective. Fungal Genet. Biol. 79:3–7.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. Hunter, R., Cooker, R.R., Royle, D.J. 1999. The teleomorph stage, Mycosphaerella graminicola, in epidemics of septoria tritici blotch on winter wheat in UK. Plant Pathol. 48:51–57.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. Lee, S.C., Ni, M., Li, W., Shertz, C., Heitman, J. 2010. The evolution of sex, a perspective from the fungal kingdom. Microbiol. Mol. Biol. Rev. 74:298–340.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  8. Linde, C.C., Zhan, J., McDonald, B.A. 2002. Population structure of M. graminicola: from lesions to continents. Phytopathology 92:946–955.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  9. Ni, M., Feretzaki, M., Sun, S., Wang, X., Heitman, J. 2011. Sex in fungi. Annu. Rev. Genet. 45:405–430.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  10. Rice, W.R., Chippindale, A.K. 2001. Sexual recombination and the power of natural selection. Science 294:555–559.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  11. Siah, A., Tisserant, B., El Chartouni, L., Duyme, F., Deweer, C., Roisin-Fichter, C., Sanssene, J., Durand, R., Reignault, P., Halama, P. 2010. Mating type idiomorphs from a French population of the wheat pathogen Mycosphaerella graminicola: widespread equal distribution and low but distinct levels of molecular polymorphism. Fungal Biol. 114:980–990.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  12. Suffert, F., Sache, I., Lannou, C. 2011. Early stages of septoria tritici blotch epidemics of winter wheat: buildup, overseasoning, and release of primary inoculum. Plant Pathol. 60:166–177.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  13. Turgeon, B.G., Yoder, O.C. 2000. Proposed nomenclature for mating type genes of filamentous ascomycetes. Fungal Genet. Biol. 31:1–5.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  14. Waalwijk, C., Mendes, O., Verstappen, E.C.P., de Waard, M.A., Kema, G.H.J. 2002. Isolation and characterization of the mating-type idiomorphs from the wheat septoria leaf blotch fungus Mycosphaerella graminicola. Fungal Genet. Biol. 35:277–286.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  15. Zhan, J., Kema, G.H.J., Waalwijk, C., McDonald, B.A. 2002. Distribution of mating type alleles in the wheat pathogen Mycosphaerella graminicola over spatial scales from lesion to continents. Fungal Genet. Biol. 36:128–136.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  16. Zhan, J., Pettway, R.E., McDonald, B.A. 2003. The global genetic structure of the wheat pathogen Mycosphaerella graminicola is characterized by high nuclear diversity, low mitochondrial diversity, regular recombination, and gene flow. Fungal Genet. Biol. 38:286–297.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  17. Zhan, J., Torriani, S.F.F., McDonald, B.A. 2007. Significant difference in pathogenicity between MAT1-1 and MAT1-2 isolates in the wheat pathogen Mycosphaerella graminicola. Fungal Genet. Biol. 44:339–346.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to I. Świerczyńska.

Additional information

Communicated by J. Kolmer

Rights and permissions

This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Pieczul, K., Świerczyńska, I. Distribution of Zymoseptoria Tritici Mating Types in Western Poland. CEREAL RESEARCH COMMUNICATIONS 46, 460–466 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1556/0806.46.2018.023

Download citation

Keywords

  • Zymoseptoria tritici
  • mating groups
  • MAT1-1
  • MAT1-2